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To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, A Psalm of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us? Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.
Hear my prayer, O God; give ear to the words of my mouth.
For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.
Behold, God is mine helper: the Lord is with them that uphold my soul.
He shall reward evil unto mine enemies: cut them off in thy truth.
I will freely sacrifice unto thee: I will praise thy name, O LORD; for it is good.
For he hath delivered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

54:6 freely sacrifice. Christ did indeed freely sacrifice Himself to save us, and this suggests that Psalm 54 may well be a Messianic psalm, revealing the unspoken thoughts and prayers of the Lord Jesus as He suffered for us and was then ultimately “delivered...out of all trouble” (Psalm 54:7).

Psalm 55 (title) Maschil. The five Davidic maschils (Psalms 32, 52, 53, 54, 55) culminate in this one. The occasion for writing it may have been the treachery of his friend Ahithophel (II Samuel 15:31; 16:23; I Chronicles 27:33).

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