New Defender's Study Bible Notes
118:6 I will not fear. This great assertion and assurance is quoted in Hebrews 13:6.
118:8 It is better. This is said to be the Bible’s middle verse, and it powerfully notes the greatest of all affirmations. God, not man, is Creator, Savior, Judge and eternal King.
118:17 shall not die. Because Christ lives, we shall live (John 14:19). This verse is prophetic both of Christ’s resurrection and also that of those who believe on Him (Revelation 1:18; John 11:25,26).
118:19 gates of righteousness. See Psalm 15:1,2; 24:3,7-9.
118:22 head stone. Although much in this key psalm may well be appropriated by each believer, it primarily is fulfilled in Christ, as shown by the use of this verse in the New Testament (e.g., Matthew 21:42; Acts 4:11; I Peter 2:7). According to Jewish tradition, the stones for Solomon’s temple, quarried and shaped far from the temple site, included one odd-shaped stone which did not fit anywhere. It was finally found to be the main cornerstone (possibly capstone) of the entire structure.
118:23 marvellous. The word “marvellous” is actually “miraculous.” The resurrection of Christ, after His rejection and crucifixion, typified by the restoration and exaltation of the chief cornerstone after it had first been refused by the temple builders, was the greatest miracle since creation, and certainly should be deemed marvelous in our eyes.
118:24 the day. This particular “day” was acknowledged as such by Christ when He wept over Jerusalem after its leaders had rejected Him. “If thou hadst known,” He lamented, “at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace!” (Luke 19:42).
118:25 Save now. “Save now” equals “Hosanna,” as cried by the common people to Jesus (Mark 11:9,10) when He entered the city for His final week.
118:26 name of the LORD. This blessing was voiced by the people when Christ entered Jerusalem (Matthew 21:9) When the leaders rebuked these praises of the people (Luke 19:37-39), Jesus said to the Jews as a nation: “Behold, your house is left unto you desolate....Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord” (Matthew 23:38,39).
118:29 O give thanks. According to tradition, ancient Jewish pilgrims sang Psalm 118:1-19 on their way up to Jerusalem. The temple priests and Levites then responded with Psalm 118:20-27; then all together sang Psalm 118:28-29.