Mongolia, Montana, and My Bible | The Institute for Creation Research
Mongolia, Montana, and My Bible

I recently completed an online college course on Cretaceous dinosaurs from China, centering on fossils from the Erlian Formation. These rock layers lie in a big basin near the Mongolian border. Clues from the Erlian reminded me of Cretaceous layers of the western United States. In the end, history from the Bible helped me assemble a history for these rocks that explained more of their features than the history my evolutionary professors purveyed.

The Erlian Basin occupies a surface area of 50,000 square miles. Mountains border its vast, landlocked sediments, and other basins surround those mountains. Its name comes from a nearby town that lies 480 miles from the nearest ocean. My course instructor said that a system of ancient rivers deposited the Erlian Formation’s Cretaceous layers. He referred to the formation as an ecosystem. As the course progressed, however, details emerged that contradicted his teachings.

A recent study of the Erlian Formation noted fast fluid flow features in each sedimentary layer called facies.1 In other words, there aren’t just ancient river channels within a layer, but the entire layer holds signs of fast flow. The sand-dominated facies have cross-beds typical of swift waters.2 The facies with a mixture of sand, silt, and mud have “cross strata…formed by oscillation processes marking the ultimate stage of the waning flood.” The study authors don’t say what flood it might have been, but they know the mud facies “were deposited in floodplain ponds.”1 Does widespread flooding describe any normal ecosystem?

The Erlian Formation’s strange fossils also indicate catastrophe. Along with Gigantoraptor (a large, toothless theropod), Erlianosaurus (a plant-eating theropod with huge hands), and Sonidosaurus (a small titanosaur), the Erlian has fossils of crocodiles, plesiosaurs, softshell turtles, sharks, other types of fish, rays, and clams. This odd mixture of wetland and sea creatures calls for an odd origin. Instead, evolutionary scientists insist the fossils preserve a normal ecosystem. No normal ecosystem forms fossils, let alone environment mix-ups like these!

In 2015, ICR geologist Dr. Tim Clarey cited secular researchers who admit that the Cretaceous Hell Creek fossils from Montana, like T. rex and Triceratops, “were located in marine rocks.”3 A recent discovery of Hell Creek tooth fossils that resemble today’s marine-living carpet sharks confirms a Cretaceous trend of mixing surf and turf.4

Until we see sharks, skates, and fish swim on dry land, we should remain skeptical that dinosaur rock layers represent ancient ecosystems. Rather, a powerful, watery event must have jumbled these creatures together, mixed them with mud, and dropped them in big inland basins. This event happened in both Montana and Mongolia.

A global watery effect should have a global watery cause, so I turned to my Bible. The Flood account in Genesis 6–9 describes a worldwide watery catastrophe that other Bible contributors either directly or indirectly confirmed.5

The Flood account in Genesis 6–9 describes a worldwide watery catastrophe that other Bible contributors either directly or indirectly confirmed. Tweet: The Flood account in Genesis 6–9 describes a worldwide watery catastrophe that other Bible contributors either directly or indirectly confirmed.

Mongolia, Montana, and My Bible: https://www.icr.org/article/mongolia-montana-and-my-bible/

@ICRscience @icrbthomas

#InDepthScience

Chinese rock layers do not showcase some age of dinosaurs from long before Adam and Eve. Instead, like so many other Cretaceous rock layers around the world that mix land and sea creatures, they formed from the Flood.

References

  1. Bonnetti, C. et al. 2014. Sedimentology, stratigraphy and palynological occurrences of the late Cretaceous Erlian Formation, Erlian Basin, Inner Mongolia, People’s Republic of China. Cretaceous Research. 48: 177-192.
  2. Austin, S. A. 1990. Were Grand Canyon Limestones Deposited by Calm and Placid Seas? Acts & Facts. 19 (12).
  3. Clarey, T. 2015. Dinosaurs in Marine Sediments: A Worldwide Phenomenon. Acts & Facts. 44 (6) :16.
  4. Gates, T. A., E. Gorscak, and P. J. Makovicky. 2019. New sharks and other chondrichthyans from the latest Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) of North America. Journal of Paleontology. 93 (3): 512-530.
  5. For example, Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:14), Jesus (Matthew 24:39), and Peter (2 Peter 3:6).

* Dr. Thomas is Science Writer at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D. in paleobiochemistry from the University of Liverpool..

Cite this article: Brian Thomas, Ph.D. 2019. Mongolia, Montana, and My Bible. Acts & Facts. 48 (5).

The Latest
NEWS
'Prehistoric' Paddlefish?
Evolutionists consider the freshwater paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) of the class Actinopterygii to be a prehistoric creature, a primitive bony fish “50...

ACTS & FACTS
Creation Kids: Earth
by Christy Hardy and Susan Windsor* You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation...

ACTS & FACTS
To the End of the Earth
The book of Acts recounts the apostles’ journeys across the Roman Empire from Jerusalem and Judea “to the end of the earth,” preaching...

APOLOGETICS
Lightning, Soil Bacteria, and God’s Providence
Nitrogen is vital for human survival, yet few appreciate how lightning and soil bacteria contribute to Earth’s nitrogen cycle. That Earth’s...

ACTS & FACTS
The Bobtail Squid's Living Cloaking Device
Hawaiian bobtail squid (Euprymna scolopes) live among the sand flats and sea plants of the Hawaiian archipelago. Along with other bobtail squid, these...

ACTS & FACTS
Seeing Distant Starlight in a Young Universe
Many see distant starlight as an unanswerable objection to recent creation. Both creationist and evolutionist astronomers agree that distant galaxies...

ACTS & FACTS
Yellowstone National Park, Part 2: Canyons and Catastrophe
by Tim Clarey, Ph.D., and Brian Thomas, Ph.D.* About three million visitors tour Yellowstone National Park’s 3,440 square miles each year.1...

ACTS & FACTS
How Did the Bat Get Its Wings?
Where did bats come from? Evolutionists presuppose that some kind of rodent received just the right mutations to over “a few million years”...

ACTS & FACTS
Biblical Insights into Today’s Violent Mob Mentality
Some scenes from the evening news get etched into our memories. I recall seeing a college professor step outside his building and become suddenly surrounded...

CREATION PODCAST
Are Dinosaurs in the Bible? | The Creation Podcast: Episode 26
If the Bible is true, wouldn't it mention dinosaurs? If God made dinosaurs, when did He make them? Did they live with humans? What ultimately happened...