Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 4 | The Institute for Creation Research

Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 4

The first two installments of this series described the purpose and strategy of ICR’s life sciences research and highlighted the key origins questions we’re trying to answer—the how, where, why, when, and from whom different species originated, as well as why species go extinct.1 The third article began to report our progress on answering these questions for humans.2 This installment further describes our success on this front.

Genetics is our main scientific tool for investigating human origins. Practically, our purpose is to demonstrate that human ancestry traces back to a single couple—Adam and Eve—not to a group of ape-like creatures. Based on the biblical record, we also expect to find evidence that mankind essentially “re-started” from four couples (Noah, his wife, their three sons, and their wives) near Mt. Ararat about 4,350 years ago.

Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins has done tremendous work in demonstrating that a profound genetic gap exists between us and the great apes—900 million DNA letter differences and an entire chromosome separate us from our supposed evolutionary cousin, the chimpanzee.3,4

Dr. Tomkins also refuted another prevalent argument for human-chimpanzee common ancestry based on supposed genetic mistakes. Segments of the human genome contain pseudogenes—sections of DNA assumed to be broken and useless. Humans and chimps contain some of the same pseudogenes that, according to evolutionists, must mean that they both copied these error-ridden sequences from a common ancestor.5 However, Dr. Tomkins has demonstrated that one of the evolutionists’ favorite examples of a shared pseudogene is actually a functional DNA sequence.6 As our research progresses, more examples of supposed shared mistakes are likely to fall and further shatter the evolutionary model. In summary, little genetic evidence exists that ties our genealogical heritage to the primates.7

However, evolutionary arguments against the Genesis account of human origins are not limited to human-primate comparisons. Lately, evolutionists have been using the genetic differences among modern humans to try and chip away at the biblical claim that humanity originated from two people in the recent past.8

Nevertheless, the trajectory of scientific progress is not in the evolutionists’ favor. They have postulated for many years that, based on the geography of the fossil record, humans first evolved in Africa. Modern genetic evidence indicates that Africans have more genetic diversity than non-Africans,9 a finding that evolutionists see as consistent with their original proposal. However, no one has actually measured the rate of DNA mutations in Africans, and preliminary studies suggest that a higher rate of change rather than an earlier time of origin is the explanation for their greater diversity.10

Other genetic aspects of human origins are discrediting the evolutionary model and falling in line with the biblical account. For example, in non-Africans the rate of DNA change has been measured in a subset of DNA termed mitochondrial DNA, and these data point toward a recent origin of the human race—within the last 6,000 to 10,000 years.11 In the rest of the human DNA sequence (e.g., the nuclear DNA), the spectrum of DNA variety points toward a recent origin of humanity from two people whom God created with innate genetic differences.12 The evolutionary model isn’t squaring with the facts—but Genesis is.

Our research on the origin of non-human species is just as encouraging. Look for our next installment!

Click here to read “Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 1.” Click here for Part 2. Click here for Part 3.

Click here to read “Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 5.”

References

  1. Jeanson, N. T. 2014. Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 1. Acts & Facts. 43 (10): 13; Jeanson, N. T. 2014. Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 2. Acts & Facts. 43 (11): 9.
  2. Jeanson, N. T. 2014. Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 3. Acts & Facts. 43 (12): 9.
  3. Tomkins, J. 2013. Comprehensive Analysis of Chimpanzee and Human Chromosomes Reveals Average DNA Similarity of 70%. Answers Research Journal. 6: 63-69.
  4. Bergman, J. and J. Tomkins. 2011. The chromosome 2 fusion model of human evolution—part 1: re-evaluating the evidence. Journal of Creation. 25 (2): 106-110; Tomkins, J. and J. Bergman. 2011. The chromosome 2 fusion model of human evolution—part 2: re-analysis of the genomic data. Journal of Creation. 25 (2): 111-117; Tomkins, J. 2013. Alleged Human Chromosome 2 “Fusion Site” Encodes an Active DNA Binding Domain Inside a Complex and Highly Expressed Gene—Negating Fusion. Answers Research Journal. 6: 367-375.
  5. Jeanson, N. T. 2011. Human-Chimp Genetic Similarity: Do Shared “Mistakes” Prove Common Ancestry? Acts & Facts. 40 (9): 6.
  6. Tomkins, J. P. 2013. The Human Beta-Globin Pseudogene Is Non-Variable and Functional. Answers Research Journal. 6: 293-302.
  7. Jeanson, N. T. 2014. Darwin vs. Genetics: Surprises and Snags in the Science of Common Ancestry. Acts & Facts. 43 (9): 8-11.
  8. Venema, D. R. 2010. Genesis and the Genome: Genomics Evidence for Human-Ape Common Ancestry and Ancestral Hominid Population Sizes. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith. 62 (3): 166-178.
  9. Ingman, M. et al. 2000. Mitochondrial genome variation and the origin of modern humans. Nature. 408 (6813): 708-713.
  10. Hinch, A. G. et al. 2011. The landscape of recombination in African Americans. Nature. 476 (7359): 170-175.
  11. Jeanson, N. T. 2013. Recent, Functionally Diverse Origin for Mitochondrial Genes from ~2700 Metazoan Species. Answers Research Journal. 6: 467-501.
  12. Carter, R. W. The Non-Mythical Adam and Eve! Refuting errors by Francis Collins and BioLogos. Creation Ministries International. Posted on creation.com August 20, 2011, accessed September 9, 2014.

* Dr. Jeanson is Deputy Director for Life Sciences Research and received his Ph.D. in cell and developmental biology from Harvard University.

Cite this article: Nathaniel T. Jeanson, Ph.D. 2015. Purpose, Progress, and Promise, Part 4. Acts & Facts. 44 (1).

The Latest
NEWS
Scaly Skin on a Feathered Dinosaur?
Fossil experts from University College Cork in Ireland took stunning images of Psittacosaurus skin. The dinosaurs’ belly shows patches of skin...

NEWS
Florida Fossil Shows Porcupines Have Always Been Porcupines
The porcupine is an animal (rodent) that one does not soon forget. It is armed with formidable quills that deter even the hungriest predators. What...

NEWS
Webb Telescope Discovers Another Record-Breaking Galaxy
Astronomers using the James Webb Space Telescope have recently confirmed that two galaxies are extremely distant, with one becoming the new record holder...

CREATION PODCAST
The Power of Film & Video: Reaching All Ages with Truth | The...
Is there a place for the use of film and video within Christianity? If so, how can we leverage this powerful tool to reach viewers of all ages...

NEWS
New Titanosaur Species Discovered in Uruguay and Argentina
The pre-Flood world had some truly massive dinosaurs, and the largest of them were in the group Sauropodomorpha.1 Within this group were...

NEWS
T. rex Not as Smart as Thought
Have movies and most conventional paleontologists got it all wrong? T. rex and other theropod dinosaurs (the meat-eaters) are often portrayed as intelligent...

NEWS
June 2024 ICR Wallpaper
"For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God." (Ephesians 2:8 NKJV) ICR June...

NEWS
A “Just-so” Story About Ancient Genes
An evolutionary website recently published “a groundbreaking study” that supposedly identifies a basic, uncomplicated, “simple”...

CREATION PODCAST
Dinosaurs with Bird Brains??? | The Creation Podcast: Episode...
Evolutionists claim that birds are descended from dinosaurs. A feature that is often cited as linking these two types of creatures is the brain....

CREATION.LIVE PODCAST
From Ruins to Revelation: Truths Revealed Through Biblical Archaeology...
The Bible is full of people and places that are seemingly lost to time, but through the field of archaeology, new finds are shedding light on the incredible...