Virus-Infecting Bacteria Reveal Creation Sophistication | The Institute for Creation Research
Virus-Infecting Bacteria Reveal Creation Sophistication

You might recall that viruses act as miniscule infectious agents. They forcibly enter a cell and conquer its molecular machinery. The cell is instructed, via viral DNA, to stop making its normal cellular parts and instead make more viruses by transcription and replication. As more and more viral parts are manufactured, the cell breaks apart—its wall rupturing in a process called lysis. Then newly-formed viruses are released and infect other cells.

Viruses infect people, plants, and animals. But there are also viruses that infect tiny bacteria. These are called bacteriophages, or simply phages. Phages duplicate (replicate) within the bacterium following the injection of their genetic material (genome) through the bacteria’s cell wall and into the bacterial cytoplasm. Bacteriophages contribute to marine health by a cyclic lysing of a majority of bacteria in the oceans every 24 hours. This designed process helps to prevent bacterial population explosions as well as cycling carbon in the oceanic food webs.1

At the turn of the 21st century, the complexity of bacteria (organisms that don’t have a nucleus) was well-known.2 Now, in 2019 researchers have said, “With new technologies [e.g., time-lapse fluorescence microscopy and cryo-electron tomography] we can start to understand the amazing inner life of bacteria and look at all of their very sophisticated organizational principles.”3

What was discovered? University of California San Diego researchers have “provided the first example of cargo within bacterial cells transiting along treadmill-like structures in a process similar to that occurring in our own cells.”3 There is a significant difference between bacterial and human cells, but amazingly the “phage convert the [bacterial] cells they have infected into mammalian-type cells with a centrally located nucleus-like structure, formed by a protein shell surrounding the replicated phage DNA.”3

“The way this giant [Pseudomonas] phage replicates inside bacteria is so fascinating,” said Vorrapon Chaikeeratisak of UC San Diego. “There are a lot more questions to explore about the mechanisms that it uses to take over the bacterial host cell.” Like all microbial research, this particular investigation “also brought new questions about the transportation and distribution mechanisms within bacterial cells.”3

Evolutionists say, “These phages have evolved a sophisticated and directed mechanism of transport using filaments to replicate inside their hosts.”3 Whereas creationists say, “These phages are designed with a sophisticated and directed mechanism of transport using filaments to replicate inside their hosts.” The first statement relies on time and chance—the second on plan and purpose.

References
1. Suttle, C. A. 2005. Viruses in the sea. Nature. 437 (7057): 356–61.
2. Sherwin, F. 2001. Just How Simple Are Bacteria? Acts & Facts. 30 (2).
3. Viruses found to use intricate ‘treadmill’ to move cargo across bacterial cells. ScienceDaily. Posted on ScienceDaily.com June 13, 2019, accessed June 23, 2019; Sherwin, F. 2004. Molecular Motors vs. Evolutionism. Acts & Facts. 33 (4).

*Mr. Sherwin is Research Associate is at ICR. He earned his master’s in zoology from the University of Northern Colorado.

The Latest
COVID-19
Teaching Kids About Creation During Quarantine
Thanks to public health recommendations regarding COVID-19, many families are spending more time together than ever before. If that’s your situation,...

COVID-19
Some Fake Coronavirus News Used to Spread Malware
As a systems administrator, I see thousands of emails come in where someone is trying to get a user to click on a link. A lot of these are just plain old...

NEWS
Turtles, Birdwatching, and Living Through Tough Times
How can learning about turtles and doing some birdwatching be useful during this time? Local disasters are declared, and ordinary life activities are restricted,...

NEWS
Traces of "Oldest Ancestor" Found
A new study released on March 23, 2020, claims that evolutionary scientists have identified the oldest human ancestor. The fossil evidence for this assertion...

COVID-19
Three Positives from COVID-19
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is no surprise to God. God knew about this pandemic before the dawn of His creation. Some people may question why God allows such...

COVID-19
The Gospel and COVID-19
It is obvious that life in America, and most parts of the world, has drastically changed in the last few months due to the novel coronavirus. Whether we...

COVID-19
A Time for Firsts Amid COVID-19
All of us have experience with firsts, and today is no exception as America sails through the uncharted waters of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19)....

COVID-19
What’s the Difference Between Virus and Bacteria?
As we are embroiled in a worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to know the basics of these tragic viral infections and why the medical community...

NEWS
ICR Beginning Search for a New President
As was noted in my article “Biblical Succession” in the April issue of Acts & Facts, the ICR Board of Trustees has authorized a national...

COVID-19
Potential Coronavirus Treatments Enter Large Clinical Trials
Some good news in potential treatment options for COVID-19 was reported in the American journal Science.1 Four new treatment options were being...