Bacteria-Infecting Viruses Reveal Creation Sophistication | The Institute for Creation Research
Bacteria-Infecting Viruses Reveal Creation Sophistication

You might recall that viruses act as miniscule infectious agents. They forcibly enter a cell and conquer its molecular machinery. The cell is instructed, via viral DNA, to stop making its normal cellular parts and instead make more viruses by transcription and replication. As more and more viral parts are manufactured, the cell breaks apart—its wall rupturing in a process called lysis. Then newly-formed viruses are released and infect other cells.

Viruses infect people, plants, and animals. But there are also viruses that infect tiny bacteria. These are called bacteriophages, or simply phages. Phages duplicate (replicate) within the bacterium following the injection of their genetic material (genome) through the bacteria’s cell wall and into the bacterial cytoplasm. Bacteriophages contribute to marine health by a cyclic lysing of a majority of bacteria in the oceans every 24 hours. This designed process helps to prevent bacterial population explosions as well as cycling carbon in the oceanic food webs.1

At the turn of the 21st century, the complexity of bacteria (organisms that don’t have a nucleus) was well-known.2 Now, in 2019 researchers have said, “With new technologies [e.g., time-lapse fluorescence microscopy and cryo-electron tomography] we can start to understand the amazing inner life of bacteria and look at all of their very sophisticated organizational principles.”3

What was discovered? University of California San Diego researchers have “provided the first example of cargo within bacterial cells transiting along treadmill-like structures in a process similar to that occurring in our own cells.”3 There is a significant difference between bacterial and human cells, but amazingly the “phage convert the [bacterial] cells they have infected into mammalian-type cells with a centrally located nucleus-like structure, formed by a protein shell surrounding the replicated phage DNA.”3

“The way this giant [Pseudomonas] phage replicates inside bacteria is so fascinating,” said Vorrapon Chaikeeratisak of UC San Diego. “There are a lot more questions to explore about the mechanisms that it uses to take over the bacterial host cell.” Like all microbial research, this particular investigation “also brought new questions about the transportation and distribution mechanisms within bacterial cells.”3

Evolutionists say, “These phages have evolved a sophisticated and directed mechanism of transport using filaments to replicate inside their hosts.”3 Whereas creationists say, “These phages are designed with a sophisticated and directed mechanism of transport using filaments to replicate inside their hosts.” The first statement relies on time and chance—the second on plan and purpose.

References
1. Suttle, C. A. 2005. Viruses in the sea. Nature. 437 (7057): 356–61.
2. Sherwin, F. 2001. Just How Simple Are Bacteria? Acts & Facts. 30 (2).
3. Viruses found to use intricate ‘treadmill’ to move cargo across bacterial cells. ScienceDaily. Posted on ScienceDaily.com June 13, 2019, accessed June 23, 2019; Sherwin, F. 2004. Molecular Motors vs. Evolutionism. Acts & Facts. 33 (4).

*Mr. Sherwin is Research Associate is at ICR. He earned his master’s in zoology from the University of Northern Colorado.

The Latest
NEWS
Fossil Chromatin Looks Young
What are the odds that a buried animal would still have intact DNA after 125 million years? Researchers publishing in the journal Communications Biology...

NEWS
Inside October 2021 Acts & Facts
How is the Lord’s handiwork on display at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park? Does the universe look old? What can we learn about science and...

NEWS
Two-Volume Series: Restoring the Truth about Origins
The subject of origins continues to attract interest from the public and the scientific establishment. Understanding our origins informs us of who we are...

ACTS & FACTS
Creation Kids: Floods Form Fossils Fast
Christy Hardy and Susan Windsor* You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation with...

ACTS & FACTS
A Battle for Hearts
Since the ICR Discovery Center for Science & Earth History opened in fall of 2019, tens of thousands of people have walked through our doors. They...

APOLOGETICS
Eating Bugs Isn't Always So Simple
The Lord Jesus Christ deserves glory for why He made Earth’s diverse creatures, and He also deserves glory for the complicated details of how...

ACTS & FACTS
Does the Universe Look Old?
Since distant galaxies are billions of light-years away, some understandably assume that distant starlight must have taken billions of years to reach...

ACTS & FACTS
Hawaii Behind the Scenes
ICR Research Scientist Dr. Brian Thomas and ICR Video Producer Clint Loveness, with help from friends and family, recently shot footage in Maui, Hawaii,...

ACTS & FACTS
Mutation, Design, and Faith
Any alteration in a cell’s DNA sequence is a mutation. These changes can come from copying errors, exposure to chemicals or radiation, or from...

ACTS & FACTS
Another Function of 'Junk DNA' Discovered
For decades, evolutionists suggested that huge sections of our genome (about half) did not actively code for the production of proteins or polypeptides—and...