Massive Cache of Dangerous Carnivores Found | The Institute for Creation Research
Massive Cache of Dangerous Carnivores Found
Recently, a new study published in the journal ZooKeys has claimed to have found the most dangerous location to live in Earth’s history.1 And it is possible they are entirely correct, but for the wrong reasons.

Fossil discoveries in eastern Morocco’s Kem Kem beds have been fascinating paleontologists for decades. These sandy-rich units outcrop for a few hundred miles along the Algerian-Moroccan border in northwest Africa. The fossil-rich strata are claimed to be mid-to-early Late Cretaceous.2 Above the Kem Kem layers sits an extensive Late-Cretaceous limestone unit that covers much of North Africa.2 Below the Kem Kem are marine-fossil rich rocks of Devonian, Silurian, and Cambrian strata.2

Lead author Nizar Ibrahim, from the University of Detroit Mercy, and colleagues cataloged large theropod dinosaurs, sharks, bony fishes, and lobe-finned fishes, such as the coelacanth, turtles, crocodyliforms, pterosaurs, as well as invertebrate, plant, and trace fossils from the Kem Kem.2

“This is the most comprehensive piece of work on fossil vertebrates from the Sahara in almost a century, since the famous German palaeontologist Ernst Freiherr Stromer von Reichenbach published his last major work in 1936," wrote David Martill, of the co-authors of the study.1

Oddly, the scientists found that there seemed to be an abundance of large theropod (meat-eating) dinosaurs in the Kem Kem, too many to be easily explained.2 The study authors described:

The Kem Kem vertebrate fauna is biased toward large-bodied carnivores including at least four large-bodied non-avian theropods (an abelisaurid, Spinosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, and Deltadromeus), several large-bodied pterosaurs, and several large crocodyliforms. No comparable modern terrestrial ecosystem exists with similar bias toward large-bodied carnivores.2

To explain the diversity of the fossil assemblages, the study authors acknowledged that the Kem Kem must “as a whole represent a “compound assemblage” derived from two formations (Cavin et al. 2010) or from disparate paleoenvironments (Dyke 2010).2

Does simple mixing of two formations explain the diversity of the fossils found in this unit, a unit sandwiched in between layers of marine rocks? And how do these uniformitarian scientists explain so many types of theropods in a single rock unit? Was this just a dangerous place to live, or is there another reason?

In 2015, we reported that Ibrahim had discovered car-sized coelacanths and other marine fossils in these same rock layers (the Kem Kem) along with a 50-foot Spinosaurus dinosaur.3,4 Today’s coelacanths live about 500 feet below the ocean surface and not in freshwater rivers as paleontologists insist that they did in the past, the present study included.2,3 The claimed mixing of rivers and delta environments still cannot explain the tremendous diversity of the fossils nor the predominance of large theropod dinosaurs found together in the same rock layer.

The global Flood offers a better explanation for what we observe, not only in the Kem Kem, but in the rock layers above and below also. According to ICR’s pre-Flood geographic interpretation, the western border of Morocco was likely the edge of a shallow sea, with some lowlands and uplands to the south and west.5 This explains the predominance of shallow marine fossils in the underlying formations; these animals were simply buried in the earliest part of the Flood as tsunami-like waves began to crash across the shallow oceans (Devonian, Silurian and Cambrian) rocks beneath the Kem Kem.

As the floodwaters rose higher in the Cretaceous, the waves washed over the lowlands and even the uplands, causing the large dinosaurs and other animals to congregate together on the remaining bits of drier land and/or shallowest water. This explains the unusual diversity of the fossil assemblage, including the many large theropod dinosaurs all found in close proximity. These animals were huddled together trying in desperation to survive. This truly was the deadliest moment in the history of the Earth.

Eventually, even the largest dinosaurs succumbed to the rising floodwaters and became entombed in the strata of the Kem Kem. Shortly thereafter, the sea rose even higher, reaching its maximum level at the end of the Cretaceous, inundating the entire globe, and leaving a massive limestone bed across North Africa and much of Europe in its wake. There was only one global Flood as recorded in the Bible that drowned and buried billions of fossils. And it left behind the carnage in the rock layers for us to observe today.

Finding dinosaurs mixed with marine fossils like coelacanths and sharks is commonplace in the rocks of the Flood from the Unites States to Brazil, from India to Morocco. Earlier, I had reached the same conclusion:

Dinosaur fossils found in rock strata with marine fossils are commonplace, not the exception. The fossil evidence supports a catastrophic and global flood that mixed the marine realm with the terrestrial realm as tsunami-like waves spread ocean fauna and sediments across the continents. Genesis 7 and 8 describe this process better than any secular scientist could imagine.3

Stage image: A Carcharodontosaurus eyes a group of crocodile-like hunters called Elosuchus.
Stage image credit: 
Davide Bonadonna/ScienceAlert. Copyright © 2020. Adapted for use in accordance with federal copyright (fair use doctrine) law. Usage by ICR does not imply endorsement of copyright holders.

References
1. Dockrill, P. 2020. Palaeontologists Think They Have Found 'The Most Dangerous Place' in Earth's History. ScienceAlert. Posted on sciencealert.com April 28, 2020, accessed April 30, 2020.
2. Ibrahim N. et al. 2020. Geology and paleontology of the Upper Cretaceous Kem Kem Group of eastern Morocco. ZooKeys. 928: 1-16.
3. Clarey, T. 2015. Dinosaurs in Marine Sediments: A Worldwide Phenomenon. Acts & Facts. 44 (6).
4. Ibrahim, N. et al. 2014. Semiaquatic adaptations in a giant predatory dinosaur. Science. 345 (6204): 1613-1616.
5. Clarey, T. 2020. Carved in Stone. Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 400-417.

*Dr. Clarey is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his doctorate in geology from Western Michigan University.
The Latest
NEWS
Human Genome 20th Anniversary—Junk DNA Hits the Trash
The first rough drafts of the human genome were reported in 2001 (one in the private sector and one in the public sector).1-2 Since then, after...

NEWS
Bacterial Proteins Use Quantum Mechanics
Researchers have found a dimmer switch inside a protein. It tunes the protein’s configuration to take advantage of quantum mechanics during photosynthesis....

NEWS
Dr. Bill Cooper, ICR’s Adjunct Professor, Now in Glory
Earlier last month on March the 9th, Dr. William R. Cooper, ICR’s Master Faculty (known to ICR-SOBA’s faculty as “Dr. Bill” since...

NEWS
Inside April 2021 Acts & Facts
How will ICR expand biblical creation education this year? How do fossilized fish and land creatures confirm Genesis history? Does recent research support...

ACTS & FACTS
Creation Kids: Bees
You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation with ICR’s special Creation Kids learning...

ACTS & FACTS
Pleasure in Our Purpose
Eric Liddell was one of the most famous athletes of the 20th century and perhaps the greatest that Scotland ever produced. An international rugby player,...

APOLOGETICS
Beware Sinkholes and Other Failing Foundations
The sudden falling of some Christian schools can be compared to tiankengs, the geological term used for sinkholes that are at least 300 feet deep.1,2...

ACTS & FACTS
The Painted Desert: Fossils in Flooded Mud Flats
Brian Thomas, Ph.D., and Tim Clarey, Ph.D. The Painted Desert stretches across 120 miles of northern Arizona. Its sedimentary rocks show bright...

ACTS & FACTS
Does Recent Research Support Human Evolution?
In 1997, the Institute for Creation Research ran an Acts & Facts article on the lack of compelling evidence regarding our supposed evolution from...

ACTS & FACTS
Building a Perfectly Optimal Flying Machine
For thousands of years, people have dreamed of flying because they witnessed birds and knew it was possible. Inspired by a study of birds, the Wright...