ICR Paleoclimate Research Continues | The Institute for Creation Research
ICR Paleoclimate Research Continues

Because the Genesis Flood caused the Ice Age,1 studies of Earth's past climate, or paleoclimatology, have long been a focus of the Institute for Creation Research’s research programs. One of my tasks is to build upon the Ice Age work of atmospheric scientist Dr. Larry Vardiman,2-4 who retired from ICR in 2012.5

Since 2016, ICR publications have revealed serious problems with an iconic argument for the secular Ice Age theory.6 In an earlier column, I discussed a new phase of research: studying the pre-Flood climate, particularly the possible absence of rain (Genesis 2:5-6).7 Rain requires clouds, and clouds require droplets of water. In order for cloud droplets to form, suitable “seeds” for droplet formation—called cloud condensation nuclei (CCNs)—must be present in sufficient numbers in the atmosphere. Yet, some sources of CCNs could reasonably be expected to be absent or greatly diminished in the pre-Flood world. These include dust particles from dust storms, volcanic aerosols, and significant quantities of man-made pollutants. Perhaps a dramatically lower number of pre-Flood CCNs might have inhibited rain in the pre-Fall and pre-Flood world. I still think this idea may have merit, but discussions with other creation researchers revealed that the issue is more complicated than I originally thought. For that reason, this particular project has been tabled for now.

Meanwhile, I am doing more research on the deep ice cores of Greenland and Antarctica. In 1994, Dr. Vardiman published a one-dimensional, young-earth model for the rapid formation of thick ice sheets, and I am building upon his work.8 I am particularly interested in estimating the true thicknesses of annual layers in the deep ice cores, using simple ice-flow computer models and an assumption of high post-Flood ice accumulation rates. I have already extended Dr. Vardiman’s work and submitted a paper for publication, and I hope to expand on his efforts even further.

In the creation model, annual layers in ice cores are much thicker on average than in secular models. Obtaining better estimates of annual-layer thicknesses may enable us to test predictions made by the creation and secular models. In some ways, the creation model already makes better sense of the ice sheet data.9

In the meantime, evidence for the biblical Ice Age model continues to accumulate,10 and ICR continues to produce resources addressing questions regarding climate change and the Bible.11 In fact, I’m currently working on a book dealing with climate change from a biblical perspective as part of ICR’s In-Depth Science series. The book will show that the Bible provides the best framework for understanding Earth’s history, including past climate change, and it will explain how one’s origin beliefs dramatically influence one’s views of global warming. I argue that climate alarmism is largely rooted in a denial of Genesis history.

As ICR celebrates 50 years of fruitful ministry, we remember that none of this would be possible without God’s faithful provision through you, our donors. Thank you for your generosity that has made this research possible.


  1. Hebert, J. 2018. The Bible Best Explains the Ice Age. Acts & Facts. 47 (11): 10-13.
  2. Vardiman, L. 2001. Climates Before and After the Genesis Flood: Numerical Models and Their Implications. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research.
  3. Vardiman, L. 2010. An Ice Age in Yosemite National Park. Acts & Facts. 39 (3): 12-13.
  4. Vardiman, L. 2013. Numerical Simulations of Winter Storms, Tropical Cyclones, and Nor’easters During the Ice Age Using the NCAR WRF Model with a Warm Ocean. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Creationism. Horstemeyer, M., ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship.
  5. Ford, L. 2012. Dr. Larry Vardiman Retires from ICR. Acts & Facts. 41 (7): 22.
  6. Hebert, J. Physics Today Article Ignores Monster Milankovitch Problem. Creation Science Update. Posted on ICR.org May 24, 2020, accessed August 3, 2020.
  7. Hebert, J. 2018. ICR Climate Research Advances. Acts & Facts. 47 (8): 9.
  8. Vardiman, L. 1994. An Analytic Young-Earth Flow Model of Ice Sheet Formation During the “Ice Age.” In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism. Walsh, R., ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 561-568.
  9. Hebert, J. 2019. Earth’s Thick Ice Sheets Are Young. Acts & Facts. 48 (2): 11-14.
  10. Hebert, J. 2020. Missing Ice Age Forests Fit Flood/Ice Age Model. Acts & Facts. 49 (6): 16-19.
  11. Hebert, J. 2019. The Climate Change Conflict: Keeping Cool Over Global Warming. Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research.

* Dr. Hebert is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Texas at Dallas.

Cite this article: Jake Hebert, Ph.D. 2020. ICR Paleoclimate Research Continues. Acts & Facts. 49 (10).

The Latest
Human Genome 20th Anniversary—Junk DNA Hits the Trash
The first rough drafts of the human genome were reported in 2001 (one in the private sector and one in the public sector).1-2 Since then, after...

Bacterial Proteins Use Quantum Mechanics
Researchers have found a dimmer switch inside a protein. It tunes the protein’s configuration to take advantage of quantum mechanics during photosynthesis....

Dr. Bill Cooper, ICR’s Adjunct Professor, Now in Glory
Earlier last month on March the 9th, Dr. William R. Cooper, ICR’s Master Faculty (known to ICR-SOBA’s faculty as “Dr. Bill” since...

Inside April 2021 Acts & Facts
How will ICR expand biblical creation education this year? How do fossilized fish and land creatures confirm Genesis history? Does recent research support...

Creation Kids: Bees
You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation with ICR’s special Creation Kids learning...

Pleasure in Our Purpose
Eric Liddell was one of the most famous athletes of the 20th century and perhaps the greatest that Scotland ever produced. An international rugby player,...

Beware Sinkholes and Other Failing Foundations
The sudden falling of some Christian schools can be compared to tiankengs, the geological term used for sinkholes that are at least 300 feet deep.1,2...

The Painted Desert: Fossils in Flooded Mud Flats
Brian Thomas, Ph.D., and Tim Clarey, Ph.D. The Painted Desert stretches across 120 miles of northern Arizona. Its sedimentary rocks show bright...

Does Recent Research Support Human Evolution?
In 1997, the Institute for Creation Research ran an Acts & Facts article on the lack of compelling evidence regarding our supposed evolution from...

Building a Perfectly Optimal Flying Machine
For thousands of years, people have dreamed of flying because they witnessed birds and knew it was possible. Inspired by a study of birds, the Wright...