New Defender's Study Bible Notes
25:1 all his host. Nebuchadnezzar had placed two sons of Josiah on the throne, with both no doubt swearing fealty to him, but both had rebelled, not only against Babylon but also a against the counsel of God through Jeremiah. Therefore, Nebuchadnezzar decided to either kill or take captive all the nobility and other leaders of Judah in order to preclude any further rebellion.
25:3 the famine prevailed. Note Lamentations 4:4,9,10.
25:7 put out the eyes. A Babylonian monument was found with an engraving depicting the eyes of a captive king being put out. This punishment of Zedekiah was predicted—namely that he would see Nebuchadnezzar face to face (Jeremiah 32:4; 34:3), but not see Babylon (Ezekiel 12:13).
25:23 made Gedaliah governor. It is interesting that Gedaliah’s seal has been found by archaeologists.
25:23 to Mizpah. After the destruction of Jerusalem, the capital was apparently moved to Mizpah, about seven miles north of Jerusalem. Gedaliah, a man not in the Davidic line, was established as ruler. He was a good ruler, but was slain by Ishmael, who—as a descendant of David himself—possibly resented being ruled by a man who was not of royal blood.
25:27 king of Judah. Johoiachin was apparently regarded as king-in-exile. Because he alone of Josiah’s seed did not rebel against Babylon, he was treated kindly in Babylon in his later years.
25:29 did eat bread. A Babylonian tablet lists the name of Jehoiachin, king of Judah, as one of the captives being fed by the Babylonians. The name of Jehoiachin was also found on a seal on a jar handle excavated at Kirjath-sepher.