New Defender's Study Bible Notes
25:1 Festus. Festus served as governor of the province only two years before he died.
25:4 kept at Caesarea. Luke was apparently near Paul during the two years Paul was kept at Caesarea (Acts 24:27; 27:1). Many authorities believe that Luke wrote much of the book of Acts during this period, and probably also the Gospel of Luke.
25:10 at Caesar’s judgment seat. The Jews had blundered in accusing Paul of sedition and rebellion against the Roman empire. Paul, of course, denied this and there were no witnesses to prove any such charge. Nevertheless, this charge made it a Roman issue rather than one merely of the Jews’ religion, so Paul as a Roman citizen had the right to appeal to the highest tribunal, that is, the emperor (Acts 25:11).
25:13 Agrippa. Agrippa was actually Herod Agrippa II, son of Herod Agrippa I, and Bernice was his sister. He had been appointed king of the region around the sea of Galilee, adjacent to the province of Judaea, by the emperor Nero, who had recently acceded to the throne of the empire.
25:26 no certain thing to write. Governor Festus was at a complete loss as to what to report to the emperor. He could find no reason to continue to hold Paul, and neither would king Agrippa (Acts 26:32), yet the Jews had demanded Paul’s life, and Paul had appealed to Caesar. Festus could not even fathom the significance of the Jews’ complaint, though he seemed at least to understand the facts of the complaint (Acts 25:19). He was required, in his report, to specify the crimes of which the prisoner was accused, but he could not pinpoint any crimes (Acts 25:27).
25:26 before thee. Agrippa, with his family background and being part Jew himself, knew more about the Jews’ religion than Festus did, and indeed had made considerable study of it on his own (Acts 26:3). Festus therefore hoped Agrippa’s advice could somehow solve his dilemma.