"Fast Evolution" in the Duck-Billed Hadrosaur | The Institute for Creation Research
"Fast Evolution" in the Duck-Billed Hadrosaur

The duck-billed dinosaurs (order Ornithischia, family Hadrosauridae) were a diverse group that allegedly lived 90 million years ago, with hundreds of specimens unearthed by paleontologists in China and North America. Hadrosaurs are noted, of course, for their expanded duck-like bills, solid crests, and fleshy combs (a projection of fleshy material above the head).1 Much has been learned about hadrosaurs due to the discovery of several mummified individuals with some of their internal portions and skin surprisingly well preserved. It’s as if they were catastrophically buried in a massive flood just several thousands of years ago. Hmmm…

One of the more popular hadrosaurs is the ornithopod Edmontosaurus, containing two known species. They were found in North America alongside other popular dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus and Triceratops. They all show up in the sedimentary rocks complete and fully-formed. They have no evolutionary ancestors.

Recently, secular scientists published research regarding “evolutionary bursts” of the ornate head crest of the hadrosaurs.2 The Paleobiology article speaks of the special adaptations of hadrosaurs’ head crests as well as their teeth and jaws. Creation scientists would instead call the head crests, teeth, and jaws design features of a unique group of the hadrosaur kind. For example, they had complex grinding teeth (common in mammals, but unique among reptiles) to chew their food. The teeth were made up of six separate tissues.3 Benton, in his fourth edition,4 states portions of these teeth (e.g., coronal cementum) are “independently derived” which is an evolutionary way of saying Darwinists have no idea of their origin. In fact, evolutionists don’t even know where teeth came from to begin with.

…the details of when, where, why, and how teeth first appeared still elude consensus. Indeed, there is not even agreement on the fundamentals, such as how we define a tooth.5

Interestingly, evolutionist Allaby stated, “The ornithopods are regarded as the most primitive of the ornithischian suborders,”6 while Benton said “hadrosaur [ornithopod] teeth were among the most histologically complex of any animal.”4 How can these dinosaurs be “primitive” if they have the most complex teeth in creation?

We find the sudden appearance of animals, including the various kinds of dinosaurs in the fossil record followed by stasis and minor variation, but no macroevolution. Tweet: We find the sudden appearance of animals, including the various kinds of dinosaurs in the fossil record followed by stasis and minor variation, but no macroevolution.

https://www.icr.org/article/fast-evolution-in-duck-billed-hadrosaur/

@ICRscience

#Dinosaur #Science

The late evolutionary atheist Stephen Gould of Harvard was noted for saying decades ago that fossils suddenly appear complete and fully-formed followed by stasis (i.e., no change). This is exactly what creationists expect. We find the sudden appearance of animals, including the various kinds of dinosaurs in the fossil record followed by stasis and minor variation, but no macroevolution. Evolutionist Tom Stubbs said in regard to hadrosaurs:
 

Our study shows that the unique hadrosaur feeding apparatus evolved fast in a single burst, and once established, showed very little change.7

What is the difference of traits evolving fast in a single burst and those traits having been instantly created fully-formed on Day 6 of creation? Once the traits show up they show “very little change.” What does this sound like? In addition, a world-leading expert on hadrosaurs said:

Hadrosaurs apparently fixed on a feeding apparatus that was successful and did not require massive modification to process their food.8

How do hadrosaurs know how to “fix on a feeding apparatus”? Did they have a convocation, come to a consensus, and somehow collectively will the fix to happen? It’s more scientific and logical to say hadrosaurs were created with this efficient feeding apparatus in place.

Evolutionary paleontologist Mike Benton stated “Variation in anatomy can arise in many ways.”8 Creationists state this variation of the weird and wonderful head crests didn’t occur by the ethereal production of new genes9 but the segregation of existing variation.

To conclude, their research article could easily be titled, “Duck-billed dinosaur design: the creation of weird and wonderful head crests.”

References
1. Bell, P. et al. 2013. A mummified duck-billed dinosaur with a soft-tissue cock’s comb. Current Biology. 24 (1): 70-75.
2. Stubbs, T. et al. 2019. Morphological innovation and the evolution of hadrosaurid dinosaurs. Paleobiology. 45 (02): 347.
3. Erickson, G. et al. 2012. Complex dental structure and wear biomechanics in hadrosaurid dinosaurs. Science. 338:98-101.
4. Benton, M. 2015. Vertebrate Paleontology. Wiley Blackwell, 228.
5. Ungar, P. 2010. Mammal Teeth: Origin, Evolution, and Diversity. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 73. See also Ruecklin et al. Development of teeth and jaws in the earliest jawed vertebrates. Nature. Published online October 17, 2012. or Janvier, P. 2002. Early Vertebrates. UK: Oxford Science Publications, 285.
6. Allaby, M. 2014. Oxford Dictionary of Zoology. UK: Oxford University Press, 438.
7. Stubbs, T. et al. 2019. Morphological innovation and the evolution of hadrosaurid dinosaurs. Paleobiology. 45 (02): 347.
8. Duck-billed dinosaurs: Evolutionary bursts led to weird and wonderful head crests. Science News. Posted on sciencedaily.com May 2, 2019, accessed May 8, 2019.
9. Meyer, S. 2013. Darwin’s Doubt. New York: Harper One. Chapter 11.

Stage image: Edmontosaurus annectens
Stage image credit: Copyright © 2008. Kevin Walsh. Used in accordance with federal copyright (fair use doctrine) law. Usage by ICR does not imply endorsement of copyright holders.

*Mr. Sherwin is Research Associate at ICR. He received a master’s in zoology from the University of Northern Colorado.
The Latest
NEWS
Fossil Chromatin Looks Young
What are the odds that a buried animal would still have intact DNA after 125 million years? Researchers publishing in the journal Communications Biology...

NEWS
Inside October 2021 Acts & Facts
How is the Lord’s handiwork on display at John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park? Does the universe look old? What can we learn about science and...

NEWS
Two-Volume Series: Restoring the Truth about Origins
The subject of origins continues to attract interest from the public and the scientific establishment. Understanding our origins informs us of who we are...

ACTS & FACTS
Creation Kids: Floods Form Fossils Fast
Christy Hardy and Susan Windsor* You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation with...

ACTS & FACTS
A Battle for Hearts
Since the ICR Discovery Center for Science & Earth History opened in fall of 2019, tens of thousands of people have walked through our doors. They...

APOLOGETICS
Eating Bugs Isn't Always So Simple
The Lord Jesus Christ deserves glory for why He made Earth’s diverse creatures, and He also deserves glory for the complicated details of how...

ACTS & FACTS
Does the Universe Look Old?
Since distant galaxies are billions of light-years away, some understandably assume that distant starlight must have taken billions of years to reach...

ACTS & FACTS
Hawaii Behind the Scenes
ICR Research Scientist Dr. Brian Thomas and ICR Video Producer Clint Loveness, with help from friends and family, recently shot footage in Maui, Hawaii,...

ACTS & FACTS
Mutation, Design, and Faith
Any alteration in a cell’s DNA sequence is a mutation. These changes can come from copying errors, exposure to chemicals or radiation, or from...

ACTS & FACTS
Another Function of 'Junk DNA' Discovered
For decades, evolutionists suggested that huge sections of our genome (about half) did not actively code for the production of proteins or polypeptides—and...