New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:2 Ye shall be holy. This is probably the key verse of Leviticus. The verse lists many rules that were specifically for the purpose of maintaining true holiness (that is, separation as a peculiar people unto God) in the earthly nation of Israel. The same principle is applied to the people of Christ’s church in the New Testament (see I Peter 1:15,16; 2:9).
19:3 the LORD your God. This assertion–“I am the LORD your God”–occurs at least 22 times in Leviticus.
19:4 not unto idols. Note the references in this chapter to the Ten Commandments: the first two (Leviticus 19:4); the third (Leviticus 19:12); the fourth and fifth (Leviticus 19:3); the sixth (Leviticus 19:16); the seventh (Leviticus 19:29); the eighth and ninth (Leviticus 19:11); the tenth (Leviticus 19:18).
19:8 cut off. The penalty prescribed for numerous types of sins was to be “cut off” from his people. That this did not necessarily mean “put to death” is evident from the fact that many other crimes were explicitly commanded to be punishable by death (note Leviticus 20:2,9-11,15,27, etc.). Presumably to be cut off meant some form of excommunication, or possibly banishment and exile, including being “cut off from my presence” (Leviticus 22:3).
19:10 for the poor. Note the illustration of this provision in the case of Ruth gleaning in the fields of Boaz (Ruth 2:2).
19:18 love thy neighbour. The Lord Jesus combined this command with that of Deuteronomy 6:4-5, and called them the two greatest commandments (see Matthew 22:37-40; Mark 12:28-31; Luke 10:27). Note also Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8.
19:19 mingled seed. Agricultural scientists generally agree that cross-pollination detracts from the production of the best crops.
19:35 meteyard. An archaic word meaning “standard of linear measurement.” The Hebrew word is a more general term for any standard of measure.