Search Tools

Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.
And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also hocked all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.
Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.
Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to inquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.
Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen ° thousand.
And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David's servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

18:1 Now after this. I Chronicles 18 is essentially the same as II Samuel 8. See note on I Chronicles 17:1.

18:2 Moabites became David’s servants. Many of Israel’s long-time enemies were subjugated by David. This included not only the Moabites (David’s great grandmother, Ruth, was a native of Moab) but also the Philistines (I Chronicles 18:1), the Syrians (I Chronicles 18:5) the Ammonites and Amalekites (I Chronicles 18:11), and the Edomites (I Chronicles 18:13). More details of these conquests are given in I Chronicles 19–20. David’s kingdom extended, for a while, practically to the boundaries long before promised by God to Abraham (Genesis 15:18-21).

18:3 Hamath. Hamath was north of Damascus (capital of Syria), near the upper reaches of the great river Euphrates. Thus God’s promise to Abraham (Genesis 15:18) had finally been at least in part fulfilled.

18:4 seven thousand. The parallel record (II Samuel 8:4) says David took seven hundred horsemen, instead of seven thousand. The other numbers in the two verses all agree. Apparently there has been a copyist error in one of them, and the correct reading is probably the one given here, as being more in line with the others. But see note on II Samuel 8:4.

18:4 houghed. See note on Joshua 11:6.

18:8 Tibhath, and from Chun. The parallel account in II Samuel 8:8 added Betah and Berothai to these two cities (Betah may be the same as Tibhath). These cities, though long gone, are mentioned in the records of ancient Egypt.

18:10 He sent Hadoram. Hadoram is called Joram in II Samuel 8:10. The king of Hamath (which was a semi-independent city-state north of Syria) willingly submitted to David rather than risk military conquest like that of Syria.

18:11 David dedicated. David regarded all his conquests as God-ordered, and so dedicated all their spoils for use in the future temple.

18:17 Cherethites and Pelethites. These special contingents of Israel’s armies were probably Philistines—either proselytes or mercenaries. Note II Samuel 15:18.

About the New Defender's Study Bible