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And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

1:14 with rigour. A wall painting in the tomb of an Egyptian prime minister, dated in the mid fifteenth century B.C., shows slaves from Syro-Palestine forming bricks from mud, supervised by weapon-wielding Egyptian taskmasters.

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