New Defender's Study Bible Notes
42:1 Behold my servant. The “servant” of Jehovah is the Son of God, in His human incarnation. Although He is sent first to Israel, as its Messiah, He will also bring salvation to all nations of the world. See also Isaiah 42:6.
42:3 he not break. A prophecy fulfilled by Jesus (see Matthew 12:20,21).
42:5 cometh out of it. This is a remembrance that God had created the plants, the animals and man out of the elements of the earth (Genesis 1:12,24; 2:7). He had also given breath and spirit to man (Genesis 2:7).
42:6 a light of the Gentiles. This prophecy was cited by Simeon in reference to the infant Jesus (Luke 2:32). The Messiah Himself was also to be the new “covenant” of God with Israel (Jeremiah 31:31).
42:8 that is my name. See notes on Exodus 3:14 and Isaiah 41:10.
42:9 new things do I declare. Only God, who created time and is therefore independent of time, can predict future events with certainty. The Bible is unique in all literature, with hundreds of fulfilled prophecies, given hundreds and thousands of years before their fulfillment. This is a certain mark of divine inspiration.
42:10 a new song. See note on Psalm 33:3. This “new song” is to be sung when the great thousand-year kingdom age is established by the reigning Lord Jesus when He returns to earth.
42:19 but my servant. This blind “servant” is not the Messiah (Isaiah 42:1), of course, but rebellious Israel, also called God’s servant (Isaiah 41:8).