New Defender's Study Bible Notes
14:1 Now Hiram. I Chronicles 14:1-7 is almost the same as II Samuel 5:11-16. The writers of both books no doubt drew information from the same or similar sources.
14:2 king over Israel. The contention of some liberals that the story of King David is fictional was falsified when a stone inscription was excavated in 1993 in Galilee containing a reference to the “house of David,” and referring to David as “king of Israel.” There also exists a Moabite inscription referring to “the house of David.”
14:4 Shammua. The four sons listed in this verse were all sons of Bathsheba. See I Chronicles 3:5.
14:5 And Elpalet. Elpalet, Nogah, and Japhia are listed here as David’s sons, in addition to those duplicated from II Samuel 5:14-16.
14:15 sound of going. See note on II Samuel 5:24.