New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:11 to watch him. See the title to Psalm 59, apparently written to commemorate this escape.
19:13 took an image. “Image” is the usual word for household idols (e.g., Genesis 31:19).
19:20 company of the prophets. This “company of the prophets,” with Samuel as their leader and teacher, had apparently been organized by him to instruct and train those who had been called by God to serve in the prophetic ministry (I Samuel 10:10). Such a “school of the prophets” apparently continued to function at least until the days of Elijah and Elisha (II Kings 6:1-7).
19:24 lay down naked. Once before, right after Samuel anointed him as king, Saul had “prophesied” with the other prophets (I Samuel 10:6-12), but that had been a sign from God that “God is with thee.” Now, however, the Spirit of God had left him because of his rebellion (I Samuel 16:14). At this point, as he was seeking to slay the one whom God had chosen in his place, the Spirit of God suddenly came on him again, as he had on Saul’s “messengers to take David” (I Samuel 19:20). Evidently, God forced the messengers to prophesy in David’s favor against their will. Here also, God forces Saul to humiliate himself in the sight of his followers through impelling him to prophesy naked. This should have deterred him from further rebellion, but it didn’t, and it soon cost him his life.