New Defender's Study Bible Notes
20:25 unto Caesar. “Caesar” was, of course, the name of the Roman emperor, but here his name is used to mean governmental authority in general. This well-known saying was the answer given by Christ to the “spies, which should feign themselves just men” (Luke 20:20) sent by the hypocritical chief priests and scribes looking for an excuse to accuse Him of subversive teachings against the Romans. Jesus not only silenced them (Luke 20:26), but also confirmed the fact that Christians should pay legitimate taxes to support the legitimate government (Romans 13:6-7).