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And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

28:30 Urim and the Thummim. The mysterious Urim and Thummim, set in the twelve-jeweled breastplate of the high priest (Leviticus 8:8), evidently had something to do with recognizing God’s will for the twelve tribes in their wanderings and conflicts (Note Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 33:8; I Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65). Exactly what they were and how they functioned has been the object of much speculation; if their meaning was something like “lights and perfections,” as most scholars believe, they must have been in some way a medium of special divine guidance during this strategic period in God’s plan for His people Israel.

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