New Defender's Study Bible Notes
17:3 shall not transgress. Like many of David’s psalms, this reflects his experiences to some degree, but it can only be fully understood if applied prophetically to the Lord Jesus.
17:8 apple of the eye. This phrase (meaning “pupil of the eye”) is also used in Deuteronomy 32:10 (see note); Proverbs 7:2; Lamentations 2:18; Zechariah 2:8.
17:8 shadow of thy wings. This is the first of twelve references in the Bible to God’s “shadow” as a type of His guarding presence. The “shadow of thy wings” is also noted in Psalm 36:7; 57:1; 63:7. Isaiah speaks of His presence as “the shadow of a great rock in a weary land” (Isaiah 32:2), “the shadow of His hand,” (Isaiah 49:2; 51:16). Note also Isaiah 4:6; 25:4,5; and Psalm 91:1. The final reference is in Lamentations 4:20, speaking of God’s “anointed” (that is, Christ) abiding with His people as prisoners exiled in an alien land, “under His shadow.”
17:12 greedy of his prey. This must refer primarily to Satan (I Peter 5:8).
17:13 Arise, O LORD. See note on Psalm 9:19.
17:15 awake, with thy likeness. This is a strong Old Testament testimony to the resurrection and the future life. It anticipates the glorious promise of I John 3:2: “We shall be like Him; for we shall see Him as He is.”