Search Tools

And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.
And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and ° carest ° for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.
In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.
For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.
And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?
He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:
For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she ° of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

12:1 parables. Parables such as this are also given in Matthew, Luke, or both. See notes on Matthew 21:33,42. This frequent semi-duplication could raise questions, but there is always at least a possible explanation consistent with Biblical inerrancy. The parables and other discourses of Jesus were actually spoken in Aramaic, so the gospel writer(s) would have to translate them into Greek, and this could certainly account for minor differences in the wording of their accounts. Furthermore, Mark and Luke at least in most cases, were not present at the time, so would have to get their accounts from Peter or some other eye-witness. The doctrine of inspiration does not in any way negate the use of the writer’s own research, vocabulary and style in reporting the event, as long as there are no errors or irrelevancies in the final result. Usually other reasons can also be discerned for the differences, in line with the particular emphases of the writer. For example, Matthew’s account of this parable puts more emphasis on the willful culpability of the Jewish leaders (compare Mark 12:9 with Matthew 21:41), in effect showing that they condemn themselves by their own words. Matthew’s gospel was written especially for the Jews, seeking to bring them to accept their true Messiah despite the bitter opposition of their religious leaders.

12:10 read this scripture. The scripture cited by Christ is Psalm 118:22-23. This same passage was later used by Peter in I Peter 2:7 and Acts 4:11.

12:26 in the book of Moses. Citing Exodus 3:6, the Lord here confirms that the book of Exodus was written by Moses.

12:29 first of all the commandments. See Deuteronomy 6:4-5. Jesus called this “the first and great commandment” (Matthew 22:38).

12:30 all thy strength. Mark here adds the phrase “and with all thy strength” to the first commandment as given in Matthew 22:37. Probably Matthew, writing mainly for Jewish readers, knew they were more occupied with the heart, soul and mind, whereas Mark, writing more for a Roman audience, and Luke (10:27) thinking of Greeks and Gentiles in general, both retained Christ’s emphasis on strength as well. Both versions are factually accurate, of course, so no problem of inerrancy is involved. The main point in both is certainly that love for God with our whole being is the most important of all rules for living.

12:31 the second. This second great commandment (Leviticus 19:18) is called “the royal law” in James 2:8. See also Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14.

12:35 say the scribes. As to the cogent manner in which Jesus answered both the Sadducees (Mark 12:18-27) and the scribes and Pharisees (Mark 12:35-37) with Scripture, see comments on Matthew 22:29-32 and 22:45.

12:36 by the Holy Ghost. Note here Christ’s doctrine of inspiration, quoting Psalm 110:1. “David himself said by the Holy Ghost.” Compare David’s own assertion to the same effect (II Samuel 23:2).

12:42 two mites. When Jesus sat to watch those who gave to the treasury, it was the last act of His public ministry. The record of the widow’s mites, with His commendation, has indeed borne great fruit through the centuries, so that she really did give more than all the rest (Mark 12:43). Jesus here enunciates the great truth that God measures a gift not by its amount but by its motive and the amount left ungiven.

12:42 farthing. See note on Matthew 5:26.

About the New Defender's Study Bible