New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:11 city of the Jebusites. The Jebusites were a Canaanite tribe, and the tribes of Judah and Benjamin had been unable to expel them from Jerusalem (Joshua 15:63; 18:21,28). Unfortunately the Levite thought they would be safer in a city of Benjamin than in Jerusalem. Gibeah was a nearby city belonging to Benjamin.
19:19 provender. Dry animal food.
19:22 sons of Belial. “Belial” was a Hebrew epithet meaning “good-for-nothing” or even “evil.” When the writer called these homosexual hooligans “sons of Belial,” he was using one of the most insulting names in the culture. Sodomites (Genesis 19:4,5) also are called “dogs” in Deuteronomy 23:18. See also Romans 1:26,27. It is clear that homosexuality is abhorrent to a holy God.
19:24 do with them. The unfeeling attitudes of the Levite and his host toward the woman, as revealed in Judges 19:24-27, not to mention that of the “sons of Belial” and the citizens as a whole, is almost incredible. The whole account is a commentary on the depth of apostasy in the nation at that time. The Lord did use the events, however, to bring about a renewed unity in the tribes, as well as a revival of sorts.