New Defender's Study Bible Notes
38:2 goeth forth to the Chaldeans. Jeremiah had been falsely accused of defection to the enemy. However, he did advise his countrymen to do so if they wanted to save their lives.
38:5 he is in your hand. Zedekiah was unwilling himself to make a decision about Jeremiah, since he was still somewhat respectful of him and his God. Nevertheless, he turned him over to a group of apostates who had no such compunction. These men cast the prophet into a miry pit and left him to die. He would indeed have died there had it not been for the intervention of Ebed-melech.
38:8 Ebed-melech. Ebed-melech, an Ethiopian eunuch in the king’s court, was presumably black. There is no indication as to how he happened to be one of Zedekiah’s main servants, but it is significant that this black eunuch was the only defender of the Jewish prophet at this time, and the one who saved his life. He had put his trust in the God of Israel (Jeremiah 39:15-18), and God therefore spared Ebed-melech’s life when the city was destroyed by the Babylonians.
38:24 Let no man know. Still unwilling to take a stand on God’s word and thus face the opposition of his contemporaries, Zedekiah simply let things ride along in the forlorn hope that they would somehow get better. Finally it was too late. To his credit, however, he did protect Jeremiah’s life.