New Defender's Study Bible Notes
9:3 shall return to Egypt. Although a few refugees, especially from Judah, did flee to Egypt, the Israelites as a whole were taken to Assyria. Thus Assyria became their new “Egypt.” God had delivered them from slavery in Egypt: now they were once again in slavery under even crueler taskmasters than those their fathers had escaped in Egypt.
9:17 wanderers among the nations. The “wandering Jew” has been a living legend for two thousand years. Unlike other dispersed nations of antiquity, however, the Jews continued to retain their distinct national identity through all those centuries of wanderings.