New Defender's Study Bible Notes
39:6 a fire on Magog. The earthquake, evidently accompanied by volcanic eruptions and great fires set by violent electrical storms (note also Psalm 83:14,15, which also speaks of judgment on the confederacy attacking Israel), will affect the country of Magog and other ungodly nations. In particular, the nations that have attacked Israel will be so devastated that they can never recover to be influential in world affairs again.
39:7 my holy name known. The nation of Israel will never henceforth be controlled by atheists or pantheists, even though not yet willing to accept Jesus as Messiah.
39:9 cities of Israel. Remarkably, the earthquake and the storm will be so providentially controlled by the Lord that it will destroy Gog’s armies while leaving the cities of Israel virtually unaffected. No wonder the people of Israel and the other nations recognize the hand of God.
39:9 seven years. The inhabitants of Israel will be able to use the burnable parts of the army’s weapons as their fuel for seven years—possibly the same seven-year period as that described in Daniel 9:27, Revelation 11:3; 13:5 (see notes).
39:18 princes of the earth. Compare this passage (Ezekiel 39:17-20) with Revelation 19:17-21. The two “suppers” for the birds of the air are described in such similar terms as to suggest the same event. Both will involve not just the “northern confederacy” of Gog and Magog but “the princes of the earth.” However, the Armageddon slaughter described in Revelation will take place at the end of the seven-year tribulation period, which seems to indicate that the slaughter in this passage may follow the seven-year period mentioned in Ezekiel 39:9, being much greater than the destruction of Gog and Magog described in Ezekiel 38:18–39:4, which occurs at least seven years earlier. There is still another invasion by “Gog and Magog” that will take place a thousand years later (see Revelation 20:7-9), but this will terminate in the fiery disintegration of the earth itself.
39:29 poured out my spirit. This long-promised regeneration of the nation of Israel by the Holy Spirit will take place only when the nation accepts Jesus as her Messiah, repenting and mourning over their twenty-century rejection of Him (Zechariah 12:10; 13:1). This will follow the defeat of Gog (Ezekiel 38:18–39:8), then seven years of belief by Israel in the God of creation while still rejecting Christ (Ezekiel 39:9-16), finally by the great Armageddon slaughter of “the princes of the earth” (Ezekiel 39:17-24) and the full return and salvation of Israel when Christ descends to the earth in triumph (Ezekiel 39:25-29; Zechariah 14:4,9; Romans 11:26-27; Matthew 24:27-31; Revelation 19:11-21).