New Defender's Study Bible Notes
31:1 third month. The prophecies of Ezekiel 31 were delivered about five months after those in Ezekiel 29:1-16. See also note on Ezekiel 20:1.
31:2 Whom art thou like. In this chapter the supposedly mighty king of Egypt is compared unfavorably to the already fallen king of Assyria.
31:3 a cedar in Lebanon. The nations are here compared to trees in a forest, with proud Assyria originally like a mighty cedar in Lebanon.
31:4 waters made him great. The waters referred to are the great rivers Tigris and Euphrates, that provided lands of rich fertility to Assyria and were a chief cause of her eminence among the nations.
31:9 trees of Eden. The Tigris-Euphrates region had so reminded the early settlers there after the Flood that they named the rivers after those that had once flowed out of the long-vanished garden of Eden. Thus this hyperbolic description of the proud nation of the Assyrians. See notes on Genesis 2:10; 11:2.
31:11 the mighty one of the heathen. Even such a mighty nation as Assyria had been cut down by Nebuchadnezzar. Pharaoh, with all his pride, would also be cut down.
31:18 nether parts of the earth. Like the pompous king of Assyria, who was cast down to hell (Hebrew sheol, Ezekiel 31:16), the equally arrogant Pharaoh would also descend into hell, the same as “the pit” and “the nether parts of the earth.” The Hebrew sheol corresponds to hades in the Greek.