New Defender's Study Bible Notes
16:7 outward appearance. God’s method is clearly not that commonly followed by either pulpit committees or political parties, but it works better!
16:10 seven of his sons. Only six brothers of David are listed in I Chronicles 2:13-15. Presumably one of them must have died without children and was not included in the genealogical records.
16:13 Spirit of the LORD. See note on I Samuel 16:14. The Spirit of the Lord also had come on Othniel (Judges 3:10, Jephthah (Judges 11:29), and Samson (Judges 13:25), but these were all merely temporary enablings for specific accomplishments.
16:13 came upon David. This is the first time David is mentioned by name, but his name (meaning “beloved”) is mentioned more in the Bible than that of Moses or Abraham or any other Old Testament personage. His biography occupies sixty-two chapters, more than that of anyone else except Jesus Christ.
16:14 departed from Saul. In the old dispensation, the Holy Spirit evidently came and went from believers in accord with God’s purpose and their obedience to His leading. Now, however, according to Christ’s promise: “I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth;...for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you” (John 14:16,17).
16:14 evil spirit. It seems strange that God would send an “evil spirit” to trouble Saul. Even though such evil spirits have evidently followed Satan in his rebellion against God, and now have become the fallen “angels that sinned” (II Peter 2:4) or “the devils” (i.e., “demons” in Matthew 8:31), God can still control them when He so wills, and use them to fulfill His purposes. Compare also the “lying spirit” sent by the Lord to “persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead” (I Kings 22:20-23).