New Defender's Study Bible Notes
14:6 by many or by few. This is a great principle for the Lord’s people to remember. With God, nothing is impossible. The vital criterion is not human strength, but God’s will.
14:15 the earth quaked. An earthquake was apparently timed by God in answer to Jonathan’s faith, causing enough fear and confusion in the Philistine garrison to enable Jonathan and his armor-bearer to destroy them—partly because the Philistine warriors also began fighting each other.
14:18 ark of God. The ark at this time was in the house of Abinadab in Kirjath-Jearim. Saul was presumptuous in asking that it be brought to the army, since he must have known what happened to it when the Philistines captured it under similar circumstances in the days of Eli (I Samuel 4:11). Fortunately for him, this order was apparently not obeyed. It has also been noted that the Septuagint of this verse has the word “ephod” instead of “ark,” presumably in reference to I Samuel 14:3, which indicates that the priest Ahiah was wearing the ephod. The ephod contained the Urim and Thummim jewels, which are believed to have been consulted when trying to ascertain God’s will.
14:20 discomfiture. That is, “defeat.”
14:32 eat them with the blood. Because of Saul’s foolish oath (I Samuel 14:24), the fighting men were faint with hunger by the time the Philistines were routed, causing them to eat of the captured cattle without taking the time to drain the blood. This was contrary to God’s law (Leviticus 17:10). When Saul learned this, he set up a slaughter table, where the blood could be properly drained, and commanded the men to slay and eat the animals there.