New Defender's Study Bible Notes
11:1 Nahash the Ammonite. The name “Nahash” means “serpent.” The city of Jabesh-Gilead, which he coveted, was in the tribe of Gad, east of the Jordan and near the Ammonite border.
11:5 after the herd. Though he had been proclaimed king, there were doubters (I Samuel 10:27), and Saul continued caring for his father’s business until this opportunity arose to vindicate his leadership.
11:10 come out unto you. Unfortunately, some modern versions have translated this as “surrender,” making it seem that the men of Jabesh were lying. Actually, the words were deliberately vague, allowing the Ammonites to interpret them in accord with their own wishful thinking.
11:15 went to Gilgal. Gilgal was the location where the children of Israel had first camped after crossing the Jordan to begin the conquest of the promised land.