New Defender's Study Bible Notes
21:3 inheritance of my fathers. The Lord had forbidden the permanent sale of inherited property to anyone outside the family (Leviticus 25:23-28). Ahab, however, had made what he considered a generous offer to buy Naboth’s vineyard. He was already depressed because of the prophet’s rebuke and so became even more depressed at Naboth’s curt refusal. He knew enough of the laws of God to realize that Naboth was in the right but his pagan queen, Jezebel, had no such scruples.
21:8 with his seal. An ancient seal has been discovered in Israel containing the actual name of Queen Jezebel.
21:16 take possession of it. The prophet Samuel had long before predicted that the kings desire by the people would expropriate their lands, including their vineyards (I Samuel 8:14).
21:19 the place. Naboth was murdered at Ahab’s instigation outside the city of Jezreel (I Kings 21:1,13). Elijah’s prophecy against Ahab was soon fulfilled in a field outside the city of Samaria (I Kings 22:37, 38). His reference to “the place” should be understood as “the kind of place.”
21:20 O mine enemy. Ahab had already called Elijah “he that troubleth Israel” (I Kings 18:17). But Elijah could have been a great friend and blessing to Ahab if the latter had been willing to honor the Lord, rather than Baal, in word and deed. A parallel is rapidly developing today, even in America, where those who seek to honor the Lord and teach His Word are accused of divisive religious extremism.
21:23 dogs shall eat Jezebel. This devastating prophecy was soon to be literally fulfilled (II Kings 9:10,33-37).