New Defender's Study Bible Notes
16:1 came to Jehu. This Jehu should not be confused with a later Jehu, who became Israel’s king (II Kings 9:2,3) after Ahab and his sons.
16:1 Hanani. Hanani, the father of Jehu, had been a prophet who once rebuked king Asa of Judah and suffered imprisonment because of it (II Chronicles 16:7-10). Jehu, his son, was better received by Asa’s son, Jehoshaphat (II Chronicles (19:1-4).
16:5 book of the chronicles. This book is not available today, but apparently was an ongoing chronicle of the successive kings of Israel, written sequentially by various scribes. The abbreviated accounts of these histories, as now preserved in our books of Kings and Chronicles, were brought together finally by Jeremiah or some other editor into its present form—all, of course, by divine guidance and inspiration.
16:12 which he spake against Baasha. The house of Baasha, like that of Jeroboam had been prophetically pronounced for destruction, and for similar reasons. See I Kings 16:7.
16:18 and died. Note the somber pattern of events overtaking the successive kings of the rebel northern kingdom of Israel. King Jeroboam sinned grievously, then died a violent death (I Kings 14:16; II Chronicles 13:20. Nadab, his son, sinned as his father had, and was slain by Baasha (I Kings 15:26-27). Baasha “did evil in the sight of the LORD” (I Kings 15:34), and all his posterity was cut off (I Kings 16:3,7). Baasha’s son, Elah, reigned only two years and was slain while in a drunken state by one of his captains named Zimri (I Kings 16:8-10). Zimri reigned only seven days, sinning like the others, and then committed suicide (I Kings 16:15,18-19). Omri, captain of the host, became king, was “worse than all that were before him” (I Kings 16:25) and died after twelve years in office (I Kings 16:23,28). Ahab, his son, was even worse than Omri, and he would also eventually die a violent death (I Kings 16:30; 22:34-37).
16:24 Samaria. Samaria, situated on a hill that was valuable both commercially and militarily, was henceforth Israel’s capital. Omri, its builder, is named on the famous Moabite Stone and other archaeological monuments. In fact, Israel itself is called “the house of Omri” in Assyrian inscriptions.
16:30 above all. All the nineteen kings of Israel from Jeroboam to Hoshea were bad, but Ahab was the worst of all. The six before Ahab made a pretense of serving Jehovah, supposedly represented by Jeroboam’s calf, but Ahab, influenced by his evil wife Jezebel, daughter of the king of Zidon, openly replaced Jehovah with Baal (I Kings 16:32). A similar thing is taking place today, with the compromising Christianity of the post-Darwin century being rapidly replaced now by the overt evolutionary paganism of the New Age Movement.
16:31 Jezebel. Jezebel, with Ahab’s approval, not only would try to corrupt the true religion of Jehovah with paganism, as had previous pagan wives, but would attempt to completely destroy it and replace it with Baal worship (I Kings 16:31-32; 18:4,19).
16:34 according to the word. This terrible event was a precise fulfillment of Joshua’s prophecy at the time he had destroyed Jericho over five hundred years before (Joshua 6:26). Hiel determined to rebuild the fortifications of Jericho, defying Joshua’s curse on anyone attempting this, evidently as a gesture of Baalite defiance of Jehovah. It cost him the lives of his sons, either as sacrifices to Baal or as casualties of the construction work.