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Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite. I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.
I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,
Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.
For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD?
God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.
O LORD God of hosts, who is a strong LORD like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee?
Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.
Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm.
The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them.
The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.
Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance.
In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.
For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.
For the LORD is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.
Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.
I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.
The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.
But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.
He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.
Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.
My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments;
If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments;
Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.
Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.
His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.
Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.
Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin.
All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours.
Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.
Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle.
Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.
The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.
How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?
What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?
Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people;
Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

89:5 the heavens. Psalm 89:5-8 of this unique psalm indicates that its setting is in heaven, with “the congregation of saints” assembled around God’s throne, eulogizing the Lord and His mighty works. These “saints” are the holy angels, “the sons of the mighty” (Psalm 89:6), gathered in “the assembly of the saints” (Psalm 89:7) to give praise to God.

89:10 Rahab. This is not a reference to the Jericho woman of Joshua’s time, but to Satan, the old “dragon” (see Isaiah 51:9). The two names are slightly different in Hebrew spelling, although pronounced and transliterated the same in English. The word used here means “proud” and is so translated in Job 9:13 and 26:12. In fact, the name of “Pride” can appropriately be assigned to Satan, for he is the very father of pride, presuming to war against his Creator! In a great day to come, he will indeed be “broken in pieces” and consigned forever to the lake of fire.

89:11 earth also is thine. God is surely worthy of praise and worship. He has created heaven and earth, and therefore they belong to Him.

89:12 created them. North-south directions could only be meaningful on a spherical planet if there are north and south “poles” on it—either geographic poles (formed by the establishment of an axial rotation) or magnetic poles (formed by the initiating of rotating electrical currents deep in the earth’s core), or both. These were evidently created by God on the first day of Creation Week when God established the cycle of day and night (Genesis 1:3-4).

89:20 anointed. David was “anointed” as king, but he is also a type of the Messiah (i.e., the “anointed one”), as is evident from Psalm 89:27-29,36-37. At this point, Psalm 89 becomes essentially a Messianic psalm, fulfilled in part in the experiences of David but ultimately fulfilled only in Christ.

89:25 in the rivers. This indicates that the “anointed” one (Psalm 89:20) is owner of all the life-sustaining waters of the world.

89:27 my firstborn. As God’s “firstborn,” He is the heir of God’s created world (Psalm 2:8). All the kings of the earth are stewards, not owners.

89:37 for ever as the moon. The moon will exist forever, as will the throne of Christ.

89:38 wroth with thine anointed. How could God be angry with His “anointed”—that is, His Messiah? He had just promised that His seed and His throne would—like the sun—endure forever (Psalm 89:36). The only rationale for such an anomaly would be that He had been “covered...with shame” (Psalm 89:45), that is, God “hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin” (II Corinthians 5:21). In his persecution by Saul and other enemies, even after being anointed as future king, David was a type of the Messiah, but the ultimate fulfillment awaited the crucifixion of Christ.

89:52 Amen, and Amen. This verse constitutes the doxology that ends Book III of the Book of Psalms.

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