New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:3 Simon’s. This was not the first time He had met Simon Peter (see John 1:40-42). He had first called Peter and Andrew to follow Him when John the Baptist had so directed them. Although they were intermittently with Him as He traveled around Galilee, they still continued plying their fishermen’s trade intermittently as well (see Matthew 4:18-20). On this occasion, however, they “forsook all” to go with Him (Luke 5:11). Luke’s record, of course, is not strictly chronological, but topical.
5:3 out of the ship. He used a fishing vessel as a pulpit, with the docks as a meeting hall on more than one occasion. Note Matthew 13:2, indicating that His first parables of the kingdom were delivered in this fashion.
5:4 draught. This Greek word (different from that in Matthew 15:17) refers to a “draw” or “draft” of fishes.
5:6 fishes. This was not necessarily a miracle of creation (like the multiplication of the loaves and fishes at the feeding of the five thousand), but rather a miracle of providence, whereby the omniscient Lord understood and controlled the time and place where the fish would be. Compare John 21:6-8.
5:13 be thou clean. When Jesus touched the “untouchable” one, he was instantly healed of an “incurable disease,” thus demonstrating Christ’s power over natural law. On the significance of this miracle, see note on Matthew 8:4.
5:20 their faith. It was not the faith of the palsied man, but the faith of His friends that prompted Jesus to heal the man. However, the man must have exercised repentance and faith as well for Jesus to forgive his sins. Significantly, he was immediately “glorifying God” after his cure (Luke 5:25). Also see note on Matthew 9:6.
5:21 Who can forgive sins. The Pharisees were correct in recognizing that no man (not even their high priests) had authority to forgive sins. Jesus, however, demonstrated His deity, and therefore His authority to do this, by this great miracle.
5:27 Levi. Levi is the same as Matthew (Matthew 9:9). With reference to the discussions at Matthew’s feast by both Christ and the Pharisees, see notes on Matthew 9:13,17 and Mark 2:20.
5:29 publicans. These were Jewish tax-collectors for the Romans, considered by many Jews as traitorous or even as dishonest.
5:39 new. This is a statement of fact, not a commendation of drinking intoxicating (old) wine. The new, unfermented, wine is much better for one’s health and conduct, but the half-intoxicated man will not say so. The same holds true with the Pharisees, who preferred their old economy and traditions to the new and better way brought by Christ.