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And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by ° the lake of Gennesaret,
And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets.
And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon's, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.
And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink.
For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken:
And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.
And it came to pass, when he was ° in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.
And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him.
And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus.
But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thine house.
And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.
And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.
And he spake also a parable unto them; No man putteth a piece of a new garment upon an old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh a rent, and the piece that was taken out of the new agreeth not with the old.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

5:3 Simon’s. This was not the first time He had met Simon Peter (see John 1:40-42). He had first called Peter and Andrew to follow Him when John the Baptist had so directed them. Although they were intermittently with Him as He traveled around Galilee, they still continued plying their fishermen’s trade intermittently as well (see Matthew 4:18-20). On this occasion, however, they “forsook all” to go with Him (Luke 5:11). Luke’s record, of course, is not strictly chronological, but topical.

5:3 out of the ship. He used a fishing vessel as a pulpit, with the docks as a meeting hall on more than one occasion. Note Matthew 13:2, indicating that His first parables of the kingdom were delivered in this fashion.

5:4 draught. This Greek word (different from that in Matthew 15:17) refers to a “draw” or “draft” of fishes.

5:6 fishes. This was not necessarily a miracle of creation (like the multiplication of the loaves and fishes at the feeding of the five thousand), but rather a miracle of providence, whereby the omniscient Lord understood and controlled the time and place where the fish would be. Compare John 21:6-8.

5:13 be thou clean. When Jesus touched the “untouchable” one, he was instantly healed of an “incurable disease,” thus demonstrating Christ’s power over natural law. On the significance of this miracle, see note on Matthew 8:4.

5:20 their faith. It was not the faith of the palsied man, but the faith of His friends that prompted Jesus to heal the man. However, the man must have exercised repentance and faith as well for Jesus to forgive his sins. Significantly, he was immediately “glorifying God” after his cure (Luke 5:25). Also see note on Matthew 9:6.

5:21 Who can forgive sins. The Pharisees were correct in recognizing that no man (not even their high priests) had authority to forgive sins. Jesus, however, demonstrated His deity, and therefore His authority to do this, by this great miracle.

5:27 Levi. Levi is the same as Matthew (Matthew 9:9). With reference to the discussions at Matthew’s feast by both Christ and the Pharisees, see notes on Matthew 9:13,17 and Mark 2:20.

5:29 publicans. These were Jewish tax-collectors for the Romans, considered by many Jews as traitorous or even as dishonest.

5:39 new. This is a statement of fact, not a commendation of drinking intoxicating (old) wine. The new, unfermented, wine is much better for one’s health and conduct, but the half-intoxicated man will not say so. The same holds true with the Pharisees, who preferred their old economy and traditions to the new and better way brought by Christ.

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