New Defender's Study Bible Notes
20:4 The baptism of John. See notes on Matthew 21:25.
20:9 a long time. Matthew 21:33-41 and Mark 12:1-12 both report this same parable, representing the dealings of Christ with Israel, as shown by the relations of a man with the caretakers of his vineyard. Only Luke, however, indicates that the owner of the vineyard would be in the “far country for a long time.” God was longsuffering with Israel, and her rejection of His prophets. When they also rejected His Son, He finally gave “their vineyard to others” (Luke 20:16).
20:17 that is written. See Psalm 118:22.
20:24 penny. See note on Matthew 20:10.
20:25 unto Caesar. “Caesar” was, of course, the name of the Roman emperor, but here his name is used to mean governmental authority in general. This well-known saying was the answer given by Christ to the “spies, which should feign themselves just men” (Luke 20:20) sent by the hypocritical chief priests and scribes looking for an excuse to accuse Him of subversive teachings against the Romans. Jesus not only silenced them (Luke 20:26), but also confirmed the fact that Christians should pay legitimate taxes to support the legitimate government (Romans 13:6-7).
20:27 Sadducees. This encounter with the Sadducees who were trying to trap Jesus is given also in Matthew 22 and Mark 12. The same is true for most of the other events and conversations here in Luke 20. Explanatory comments are found in those chapters, as necessary.
20:28 Moses wrote. This reference is to the so-called Levirate law, in Deuteronomy 25:5-6.
20:35 neither marry. So far as marriage is concerned at least, after the resurrection, we shall be “as the angels of God in heaven.” See note on Matthew 22:30.
20:37 he calleth the Lord. See Exodus 3:6.
20:42 David himself saith. The Lord here is citing Psalm 110:1.