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And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders,
But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet.
And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.
And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty.
And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.
Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.
So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?
He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign ° themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
Neither ° can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.
Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples,

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

20:4 The baptism of John. See notes on Matthew 21:25.

20:9 a long time. Matthew 21:33-41 and Mark 12:1-12 both report this same parable, representing the dealings of Christ with Israel, as shown by the relations of a man with the caretakers of his vineyard. Only Luke, however, indicates that the owner of the vineyard would be in the “far country for a long time.” God was longsuffering with Israel, and her rejection of His prophets. When they also rejected His Son, He finally gave “their vineyard to others” (Luke 20:16).

20:17 that is written. See Psalm 118:22.

20:24 penny. See note on Matthew 20:10.

20:25 unto Caesar. “Caesar” was, of course, the name of the Roman emperor, but here his name is used to mean governmental authority in general. This well-known saying was the answer given by Christ to the “spies, which should feign themselves just men” (Luke 20:20) sent by the hypocritical chief priests and scribes looking for an excuse to accuse Him of subversive teachings against the Romans. Jesus not only silenced them (Luke 20:26), but also confirmed the fact that Christians should pay legitimate taxes to support the legitimate government (Romans 13:6-7).

20:27 Sadducees. This encounter with the Sadducees who were trying to trap Jesus is given also in Matthew 22 and Mark 12. The same is true for most of the other events and conversations here in Luke 20. Explanatory comments are found in those chapters, as necessary.

20:28 Moses wrote. This reference is to the so-called Levirate law, in Deuteronomy 25:5-6.

20:35 neither marry. So far as marriage is concerned at least, after the resurrection, we shall be “as the angels of God in heaven.” See note on Matthew 22:30.

20:37 he calleth the Lord. See Exodus 3:6.

20:42 David himself saith. The Lord here is citing Psalm 110:1.

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