New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:2 chief among the publicans. Zacchaeus was very rich and powerful, and not many such as these are ever saved (Luke 18:24; I Corinthians 1:26). Yet this man showed his humility and his desire to know Christ (Luke 19:4), and the Lord saw a repentant, believing heart and recognized him, desiring to “sup with him” (Revelation 3:20).
19:10 to save. Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners” (I Timothy 1:15). “As many as received Him, to them gave He power to become the sons of God” (John 1:12), and Zacchaeus had “received Him joyfully” (Luke 19:6)!
19:12 to return. The “parable of the pounds” obviously speaks of the return of Christ to heaven (“the far country”) until the time of His second coming.
19:13 pounds. A “pound” (the Roman mina) was about one-hundredth of a “talent” (see note on Matthew 25:15).
19:13 Occupy. The servants of Christ are instructed herein to continue working at their vocations, without hesitation when they see (or think they might see) the day approaching. The Greek for “occupy” is the word from which we derive our English word “pragmatic,” and occurs elsewhere in the New Testament only in II Timothy 2:4 (i.e., “affairs”).
19:14 not have this man. This pronouncement succinctly represents the basic attitude of all those who reject Christ in this age between His first and second comings.
19:17 authority over ten cities. In the parable of the pounds, the Lord rewards His servants in accordance with the quantity of return produced from equal gifts. In the somewhat similar parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-30), the reward is based on proportionate return from unequal gifts. The conclusion from the two parables is that our rewards when Christ returns are based on both quantitative and qualitative criteria. The Lord will take full and understanding account of both our opportunities and our works. He is well able to discern and to “give every man according as his work shall be” (Revelation 22:12). In the parable of the pounds, the nobleman went “into a far country” (Luke 19:12). In the parable of the talents, Jesus gives the additional information that the master only returned “after a long time” (Matthew 25:19).
19:28 ascending up to Jerusalem. On the prophetic significance of the so-called “triumphal entry,” see notes on Matthew 21:1-9.
19:40 the stones. Even the inanimate creation is under God’s control, for He made it, and the opposition of mere men to the fulfillment of prophecy is no impediment to the Creator and Sustainer of all things. When God created Adam, He breathed life into the dust of the ground; He could do the same for stones, if need be.
19:42 this thy day. “This thy day” was the day when the Scriptures had said that Messiah would present Himself to Judah and Jerusalem as their promised King. The time of His coming had been foretold in Daniel 9:25, and the manner of His coming in Zechariah 9:9. A believing remnant had recognized Him, but the leaders and most of the people did not. On the very day when they should have crowned Him King, they set about to destroy Him (Luke 19:47).
19:44 even with the ground. This terrible prophecy was fulfilled in A.D. 70, when the Roman army under Titus destroyed the temple completely. The destruction of the city and dispersion of its people was completed in A.D. 135.
19:44 knewest not the time. If the Jewish scribes had really searched and studied the Scriptures (especially Daniel 9:24-25), they could have known “the time of thy visitation.”
19:45 cast out. On the two cleansings of the temple, see notes on Matthew 21:12-13 and John 2:16.