New Defender's Study Bible Notes
25:4 seventh year. God’s command of a sabbatical year’s rest for the land was, no doubt, a test of faith, but modern agricultural science now recognizes it to be a valid principle for continued productivity. Just as God provided a double supply of bread on the sixth day for those who would keep His weekly Sabbath, so He also promised a threefold harvest in the sixth year (Leviticus 25:21) to feed His people through the seventh and eighth years (Leviticus 25:22). A sabbatical year for the land would also be a great means of controlling harmful insects.
25:10 proclaim liberty throughout the land. This verse was cited in connection with the ringing of the Liberty Bell when America’s Declaration of Independence was signed.
25:10 jubilee. The institutions of the sabbatical year, giving the lands a rest, and the jubilee year, after seven sabbatical years, were a marvelous provision by God to insure perpetual freedom and productivity for all the people of Israel, if they would have only observed these commands. The land would have remained perpetually fruitful, permanent slavery could not exist and vast accumulations of wealth by a few individuals would have been precluded. Sadly, the people repeatedly disobeyed, and God’s warning had to be carried out (Leviticus 26:33-35). Since they rejected God’s provision for “liberty throughout the land,” their land became desolate and all its people were taken into captivity (II Chronicles 36:20-21).
25:13 unto his possession. The institution of the jubilee year was a marvelous provision in an age when slavery was commonly practiced everywhere. No person could permanently lose either his freedom or his land. He (or his kinsmen) could purchase his freedom as well as his property before the jubilee year if he could manage to pay, but in no case could these losses extend into the jubilee (Leviticus 25:25-28).
25:23 the land is mine. The principle of divine ownership of the land applies not only to Israel, but to all nations (Psalm 24:1; Acts 17:26). The principle applies with special emphasis to the true Christian, whose very body belongs to the Lord (I Corinthians 6:19,20).
25:36 no usury. Sincere Israelites were urged to help the poor, either by a loan of money, or even taking him on as an indentured servant. Under no circumstances, however, were they to charge interest on such loans.