New Defender's Study Bible Notes
28:2 brass. The Hebrew word is the same as for “copper.” Most references to brass in the Bible probably refer to bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. See note on Genesis 4:22.
28:3 stones of darkness. Two different Hebrew words are translated “darkness” in this verse. The “end of darkness” refers to the end of spiritual or moral darkness. The “stones of darkness” refer to stones mined for minerals and metals in the physical darkness below the earth’s surface.
28:3 shadow of death. There are ten references to “the shadow of death” in Job, the first is Job 3:5 and the last in Job 38:17. The best-known reference is in Psalm 23:4. The shadow of death is not actual death, of course, but rather the present danger of death.
28:6 place of sapphires. Note the many valuable metals and minerals mentioned in this chapter—silver and gold (Job 28:1), iron and copper (Job 28:2), sapphires (Job 28:6), onyx (Job 28:16), crystal (Job 28:17), coral, pearls and rubies (Job 28:18), and topaz (Job 28:19). Some authorities interpret the sapphires mentioned here to be lapis lazuli; the crystal is quartz.
28:7 the vulture’s eye. It was a fairly recent finding by ornithologists that vultures and other scavenger birds spot their prey by keen vision rather than sense of smell.
28:12 where shall wisdom. Although men from ancient times have been ingenuous enough to discover, mine and smelt valuable metals and minerals from deep in the earth, they have often found it much more difficult to discover true wisdom, although God makes it readily available to those who truly desire it (see Proverbs 2:1-11).
28:25 weight for the winds. The fact that air has weight was revealed through Job, but was proven scientifically only about three hundred years ago. The relative weights of air and water were carefully placed by God in the precise amounts needed for the most efficient functioning of the world’s hydrologic cycle, which in turn sustains life on the earth.
28:26 way for the lightning. Lightning is now known to be a manifestation of electrical energy. When it suddenly arcs across the sky, it heats up the air along its path, making a partial vacuum along its “way.” This way must quickly be filled by air rushing in to fill the vacuum, resulting in a loud thunderclap as it comes together.
28:28 that is wisdom. Job twice asked the rhetorical question about the source of true wisdom (Job 28:12,20) and then answers it in this key verse, a truth largely ignored in the modern world. True wisdom begins with the fear of God. See also Proverbs 1:7; 9:10 and Colossians 2:3.