New Defender's Study Bible Notes
44:3 pour my spirit. The Holy Spirit is here symbolized by life-giving waters; this figure is often appropriated in the New Testament (e.g., John 1:33; 3:5; 7:38,39; Titus 3:5).
44:6 and his redeemer. It seems that two divine Persons are speaking here, yet both are only one God, the Creator and Savior.
44:10 Who hath formed a god. Isaiah 44:9-20 constitutes a classic example of divine irony. The folly of constructing a “god” to worship out of the same tree that provides firewood would seem to be so obvious that no person in his right mind would consider such a thing. Yet millions of people in every age—including the present scientific age—have been idolaters. Even more inscrutable than the minds of those who worship objects made with their own hands are those who worship some intangible construct of reality devised by humanistic philosophers—or even of their own imaginations.
44:24 maketh all things. In contrast to the idol gods of paganism, made by men (Isaiah 44:15, etc.), the Lord made everything in heaven and earth after first creating heaven and earth.
44:28 Thou shalt be built. This is a remarkable prophecy, one of the main stumbling blocks of critics, who use it as an excuse for their notion of a “second Isaiah.” Long before Jerusalem was destroyed by the armies of Babylon, Isaiah was prophesying its rebuilding!