New Defender's Study Bible Notes
33:1 Woe to thee that spoilest. The immediate object of this anathema was the Assyrian king Sennacherib, whose armies were besieging Jerusalem at the time. The ultimate antitype is the future Antichrist, who will also attempt to destroy the people of Israel.
33:2 time of trouble. The “time of trouble,” in context, is the coming great tribulation, “the time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jeremiah 30:7), but it will also be the time of “our salvation,” for Jacob “shall be saved out of it.”
33:6 stability of thy times. In times of intense stress, stability is found only in Christ, “in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge” (Colossians 2:3). Thus, “the fear of the LORD,” which is the foundation of true knowledge and wisdom (Proverbs 1:7; 9:10), also comprises our “treasures.”
33:14 everlasting burnings. Those who “conceive chaff” and “bring forth stubble” (Isaiah 33:11) instead of true wisdom and knowledge (see note on Isaiah 33:6, above) are destined for “everlasting fire” (Matthew 25:41) and “everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power” (II Thessalonians 1:9).
33:17 the king. The king is, of course, the Lord Jesus Christ, when He returns in “power and great glory” to assume “the throne of His father David,” and the people of Israel, scattered in all the nations of the world, will be gathered back to their ancient land, “from one end of heaven to the other” (Matthew 24:30,31; Luke 1:32).