New Defender's Study Bible Notes
7:4 as an oven heated. The leaders of Israel are compared in Hosea 7:4-8 to dough in a heated oven, inflamed with wickedness.
7:7 their kings are fallen. During the period of Hosea’s ministry, he had seen King Zachariah assassinated (II Kings 15:10), then King Shallum (II Kings 15:14), later, King Pekahiah (II Kings 15:25) and finally, King Pekah (II Kings 15:30).
7:8 cake not turned. Ephraim, representing all the northern kingdom (along with Israel’s capital, Samaria—Hosea 7:1) is called “a cake not turned” in the oven, and also “a silly dove without heart” (Hosea 7:11). Hot in wickedness, yet cool toward God, they were trusting in Egypt to save them from Assyria.
7:9 yet he knoweth not. It is sad when leaders have lost their ability to lead, but don’t realize it. Like mighty Samson, who “wist not that the LORD was departed from him” (Judges 16:20), and like Jerusalem collaborating in Christ’s crucifixion because “thou knewest not the time of thy visitation” (Luke 19:44), and like the Laodicean church that “knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked” (Revelation 3:16-17). Professing Christians today need to guard urgently against the tragedy of arrogant ignorance.
7:14 howled upon their beds. This “wailing in their beds” of wickedness, calling for help by their pagan gods, was as futile as that of the prophets of Baal when “they cried aloud” to Baal against Elijah on Mount Carmel (I Kings 18:28).