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Then Darius the king made a decree, and search was made in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in Babylon.
And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus written:
In the first year of Cyrus the king the same Cyrus the king made a decree concerning the house of God at Jerusalem, Let the house be builded, the place where they offered sacrifices, and let the foundations thereof be strongly laid; the height thereof threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof threescore cubits;
With three rows of great stones, and a row of new timber: and let the expenses be given out of the king's house:
And also let the golden and silver vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took forth out of the temple which is at Jerusalem, and brought unto Babylon, be restored, and brought again unto the temple which is at Jerusalem, every one to his place, and place them in the house of God.
Let the work of this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of God in his place.
Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not hindered.
And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for the burnt offerings of the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the appointment of the priests which are at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail:
That they may offer ° sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.
Also I have made a decree, that whosoever shall alter this word, let timber be pulled down from his house, and being set up, let him be hanged thereon; and let his house be made a dunghill for this.
And the God that hath caused his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people, that shall put to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God which is at Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree; let it be done with speed.
And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they builded, and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.
And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.
And the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication of this house of God with joy,
And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses.
And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day of the first month.
For the priests and the Levites were purified together, all of them were pure, and killed the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.
And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness of the heathen of the land, to seek the LORD God of Israel, did eat,
And kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the LORD had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

6:2 Achmetha. Archaeologists say that the Persian emperors of this period used four capitals—Babylon, Persepolis, Susa, and Achmetha (or Echatana). Accordingly, the “search” (Ezra 6:1) began in Babylon, but the scroll was finally found in the palace at Achmetha. This is the only reference in the Bible to this city.

6:4 great stones. Thus the heavy construction, using large stones and new timber, which Tatnai had questioned (Ezra 5:8), were indeed found to have been specifically authorized by Cyrus.

6:8 even of the tribute. Ironically, Tatnai found that his attempt to stop the rebuilding of the temple not only had failed but also had resulted in his having to help fund the project out of his own tax collections.

6:13 they did speedily. As Darius had commanded (Ezra 6:12), Tatnai expedited the Jew’s work, well aware that Darius had made it a capital crime not to do so. Thus God, for those who refuse to compromise His name or His Word, will often make the wrath of man to praise Him (Psalm 76:10).

6:15 house was finished. The building of the temple began under Cyrus (Ezra 3:8), but the local opposition caused it to cease until the second year of Darius (Ezra 4:24), at least fifteen years later.

6:21 separated themselves. In addition to the returning exiles, at least some Israelites, descendants of those left in the land by Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 52:16), joined with them in the reestablished worship of the true God.

6:22 king of Assyria. Although Darius was emperor of Persia, he was also king of Assyria and king of Babylon, for the Persians had conquered both of these earlier empires that had previously conquered Israel and Judah.

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