New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:7 none other gods. In Deuteronomy 5:7-21 Moses repeats the ten commandments as first recorded by him in Exodus 20:3-17. Most are repeated verbatim, though there are a few significant modifications. This repetition of the Decalogue is the main reason why the book was named Deuteronomy (meaning “Second Law”).
5:8 any graven image. Archaeological excavations in the lands of the Bible have yielded images of many so-called gods and goddesses. It is significant, however, that no excavator has yet unearthed an image purporting to represent Jehovah (or Yahweh).
5:13 thou shalt labour. The word for “labour” in the ten commandments (Hebrew abad) does not necessarily mean some kind of demeaning toil. The basic meaning is “serve,” and it is so translated 214 times in the King James Translation. Further, the word for “work” (Hebrew melakah) really connotes “stewardship,” not servile labor. Every honest occupation, if rendered “as to the Lord” (Colossians 3:23) is in a real sense serving God. Note also that God has ordained a six-day work week, not four or five days. Finally, we should remember that those who belong to His family will continue to “serve Him” throughout eternity (Revelation 22:3).
5:15 keep the sabbath day. The most significant difference between the parallel records of the ten commandments in Exodus and Deuteronomy is in the reason given for keeping the sabbath. In Exodus it was said to be in remembrance of the completed creation, honoring God as Creator of all things. Here in Deuteronomy, the reason was in remembrance of their miraculous deliverance from slavery in Egypt, honoring God as Redeemer and Savior. Thus, in our own day, it is appropriate that we also observe every seventh day as a day to honor God both as Creator and Savior, remembering both His finished creation (Genesis 2:1-3), and His completed redemption (John 19:30).
5:22 two tables of stone. For the third time in Scripture, it is noted that God wrote the ten commandments on two stone tablets (see Exodus 31:18; Deuteronomy 4:13).
6:4 one Lord. This great statement of Israel’s monotheistic faith, intended specifically to set them completely apart from their pantheistic/polytheistic neighbors, actually implies the uni-plural nature of the Godhead. Its declaration amounts to this: “Jehovah our Elohim is one Jehovah.” The name Elohim is of plural form, and often is translated “gods,” when referring to the false gods of the heathen. Yet it is also the great name for the one true God of creation.
6:5 all thy might. This commandment, called by Christ “the first and great commandment” (Matthew 22:37), would certainly–if truly obeyed–have prevented all false religion, all unbelief, indeed all sin.
6:6 in thine heart. The Scriptures are not only to be read and heard, but memorized as well! See also Psalm 119:11, Colossians 3:16, etc.
6:7 unto thy children. Note also Genesis 18:19. God regards the direct education of children by their parents as vitally important, with that education to be founded first of all upon the words of God.