New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:3 anointed David king. This was David’s third anointing. See note on II Samuel 2:4.
5:6 went to Jerusalem. David’s first priority as king over all Israel was to take Jerusalem from the Jebusites and make it his capital (II Samuel 5:9). Jerusalem included Mount Moriah, where Abraham had offered Isaac (Genesis 22:1-19) and was strategically located on the border between Judah and Benjamin.
5:6 the inhabitants of the land. The Jebusites were a tribe descended from Mizraim, the son of Ham (Genesis 10:16), and had been in Canaan since at least the time of Abraham (Genesis 15:21). Joshua had been unable to drive them out of Jerusalem, their capital, and neither had the hosts of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, who had been given that region of the promised land (Joshua 15:20-62; but note Joshua 15:63; see also Judges 1:21). As a result, the Jebusites were quite smug in their fortress, mocking David by saying their blind and lame could repel his forces.
5:7 strong hold of Zion. Despite the arrogance of the Jebusites, David attacked the “lame and the blind,” as the Jebusites mockingly called their armies (II Samuel 5:8) and took their city, on Mount Zion. David henceforth made Jerusalem the capital city of Judah and of all Israel.
5:7 Zion. This is the first of about 150 times when Jerusalem (or the mountain where it is situated) is called Zion. The name itself means something like “fortress,” referring to the conspicuousness and relative impregnability of the mountain.
5:7 city of David. Jerusalem is called the city of David because he made it his capital. Bethlehem is also called the city of David because David was born there (Luke 2:4,11). That it was never the city of Melchizedek (called Salem) is evident from Ezekiel 16:2–4 (see note on Ezekiel 16:4). Compare with Genesis 14:18–20.
5:8 to the gutter. This “gutter” was what we today might call a culvert. It had evidently been built by earlier inhabitants of Jerusalem. David’s men were able to crawl up this shaft, past the “blind and the lame” that the Jebusites had placed at the city’s gates, and attack the city by surprise. This “gutter” was actually discovered in connection with the same excavations that found the water conduit of Hezekiah (see note on II Kings 20:20).
5:10 LORD God of hosts. This is the first of numerous occurrences of this majestic name of God.
5:13 sons and daughters. David eventually acquired several wives and concubines, which was a practice more or less expected of kings in those days. However, God had warned against this practice (Deuteronomy 17:17), and it eventually led to much grief in David’s family. Six sons were born in Hebron (II Samuel 3:2-5), then thirteen children born in Jerusalem (I Chronicles 14:4-7).
5:19 enquired of the LORD. This inquiry was probably through the priest Abiathar, with the Urim and Thummim.
5:24 sound of a going. The word for “going” occurs only three times, twice in connection with this event (I Chronicles 14:15) and once translated “ornaments of the legs” (Isaiah 3:20). It seems to refer to the cadence of marching legs. To be heard in the treetops suggests that the sound would be made by God’s angelic hosts (note II Samuel 5:10), fulfilling the promise that “then shall the LORD go out before thee.”