New Defender's Study Bible Notes
12:6 fourfold. David’s pronouncement of a “fourfold” restoration against Nathan’s hypothetical sinner came back on his own house. First there was the death of his child (II Samuel 12:18); then came the rape of his virgin daughter Tamar by her half-brother Amnon (II Samuel 13:1,14). This led to Amnon’s vengeful murder by Tamar’s brother Absalom (II Samuel 13:28-29). Fourth was the treason and death of Absalom (II Samuel 18:9,14). David was greatly blessed by God, but even the godliest of men, particularly if they are in positions of influence, cannot enter into such flagrant willful sin as did David without also receiving divine chastening.
12:11 with thy wives. See II Samuel 16:22 for fulfillment of this prophecy.
12:13 sinned against the LORD. All sin is ultimately against the Lord, though many others may be hurt as well. In addition to the murder of Uriah and the tragic consequences in David’s own family, he had “given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme” (II Samuel 12:14). Nevertheless, his attitude of confession and repentance is the God-ordained route to forgiveness and restoration (I John 1:9; Psalm 32:1-5).
12:23 shall go to him. David’s infant son, dead before he was able to discern right from wrong, was safe in Christ, together with the departed spirits of all who had died in true faith, resting in “Abraham’s bosom” (Luke 16:22) and awaiting the coming of the promised Savior. David thus was confident he would be with his child in the ages to come, after the great resurrection day. He knew that he himself would “dwell in the house of the LORD for ever” (Psalm 23:6), and so would his infant son.
12:25 Jedidiah. The name God gave baby Jedidiah meant “beloved of the LORD.” David’s repentance was real and apparently so was that of Bathsheba. David’s experience is described in Psalm 51. The child born of their adultery died, but their sorrow and love, and especially their repentance, were genuine, and God forgave. Note Psalm 32. Their second son was even chosen by God to be David’s successor and the ancestor of the Messiah.
12:26 Rabbah. Rabbah was the chief city of the Ammonites, and it is today the city of Amman, capital of Jordan, a city of almost a million people.
12:31 harrows. A set of sharp disks on a horse-drawn frame, used to break up ground.
12:31 pass through. “Pass through” should be read as “cross over to.” This verse is not describing a cruel genocide of the Ammonites, for they continued as a distinct and relatively strong nation for at least several centuries after David. However, he did place them under forced hard labor, wielding saws and axes, working the kilns, etc. The parallel passage in I Chronicles 20:3 should also be understood in this way, with the verb “cut” understood as “vanquished.”