New Defender's Study Bible Notes
8:9 two tables of stone. When the tabernacle was first built in the wilderness, and the ark installed therein, the ark also contained “the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded” (Hebrews 9:4). These had at some unknown time been removed, possibly because of their ephemeral testimony which was no longer needed. The two tablets with God’s law—the very essence of His covenant with Israel—were retained permanently, even during the time when the ark was away from the tabernacle and in the hands of the Philistines. The ark was originally called “the ark of the testimony” (e.g., Exodus 25:22) but at least by the time of Joshua came to be known only as the Ark of the Covenant. Evidently when Judah was taken into exile in Babylon the ark was carried into heaven, where it remains today (Revelation 11:19).
8:10 the cloud. This is the same glory cloud that filled the tabernacle when it was completed and consecrated almost half a millennium previously (Exodus 40:34,35).
8:27 dwell on the earth. Solomon’s concept of God was not that of a mere tribal deity, nor was his temple built merely to house an idol or an oracle. He knew that the God of Israel was nothing less than the personal Creator of the entire universe.
8:27 heaven of heavens. This phrase “heaven of heavens” probably answers to “the third heaven” (II Corinthians 12:2). The first heaven is the atmosphere. Above that is the heaven of the stars, extending unknown billions of light years out into space. Then, still above that is the heaven of heavens, projecting infinitely beyond all the stars, and this is where God now has His throne. After His resurrection, Christ “ascended up far above all heavens” (Ephesians 4:10) to the right hand of God.
8:39 knowest the hearts. Although heaven is God’s “dwelling place” (a truth noted four times in this prayer of Solomon’s), God is nevertheless omnipresent and omniscient, and therefore “knows the hearts” of every man.
8:43 all people of the earth. Solomon again clearly recognizes that all people on the earth—not just Israelites—may call on the true God for salvation. Note also I Kings 8:60.
8:46 sinneth not. Solomon acknowledged here in his prayer that all men are sinners before God (note Romans 3:10,23; James 2:10; etc). Note also his testimony in Ecclesiastes 7:20.