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Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity builded the temple unto the LORD God of Israel;
Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.
But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said unto them, Ye have nothing to do with us to build an house unto our God; but we ourselves together will build unto the LORD God of Israel, as king Cyrus the king of Persia hath commanded us.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

4:2 Esar-haddon King of Assur. Esar-haddon was the son of Sennacherib, whose armies had been destroyed by God’s angel, at the siege of Jerusalem (II Kings 19:35-37). The Assyrians made no further attempt to take Jerusalem, but Esar-haddon did carry out the work of replacing the population of the northern kingdom with people of other nations.

4:3 nothing to do with us. Just as in the rebuilding of the temple, Christians and Christian organizations are often tempted to compromise with the world system in doctrine or practice with the supposed motive of getting the work more acceptable to worldly people, but this is the route to ultimate apostasy or defeat. The Lord’s work should be done by the Lord’s people in the Lord’s way. Note II Peter 3:17.

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