New Defender's Study Bible Notes
2:7 well doing. Superficially this verse seems to suggest that by “patient continuance in well doing,” one could obtain eternal life, without regard to one’s relation to Christ. While this may be true hypothetically, the apostle goes on in the next chapter to explain that “there is none righteous, no not one” (Romans 3:10). Nevertheless anyone can receive imputed righteousness through Jesus Christ, simply by faith in Him (Romans 3:25-26).
2:9 the Jew first. The Jews, as God’s chosen people, were given the first opportunity to hear the gospel, and Paul always sought to apply this principle. By the same token, they were to receive the first and most severe judgment, because of the greater light they had received (Luke 12:47,48) when they rejected the gospel.