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New Defender's Study Bible Notes

18:23 light of a candle. Ever since the plague of the fifth vial (Revelation 16:10), Babylon will have been in darkness. With the drying of the Euphrates (Revelation 16:12), the city’s power plants would soon fail, and the city would have to be lit by candlelight. The city’s riotous social life would come almost to a standstill.

18:23 sorceries. See note on Revelation 9:21. The “sorceries” (Greek pharmakeia) indicate the widespread use of drugs as well as occult arts in this great New Age metropolis.

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