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And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

5:15 divisions of Reuben. Deborah’s song includes these ironic references to the reluctance of the tribes of Reuben, Gad, Dan and Asher to join in the battle for freedom. Strangely, there is no reference to Judah and Simeon as either participants or non-participants; these were the most southerly tribes and possibly the least impacted by the Canaanite subjugation. Possibly, because of the continuing influence of Othniel, these tribes had not lapsed into idolatry.

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