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When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

11:1 called my son. This verse was appropriated and modified by the Holy Spirit through Matthew, and applied to the child Jesus. When Joseph and Mary fled with Him to Egypt to escape Herod’s slaughter of the children, He “was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son” (Matthew 2:15). Israel, as the national “son” of the Father, was thus taken as a type of God’s only begotten Son, who was Himself Israel’s substitute to endure the wrath of God, thus assuring Israel’s ultimate repentance and restoration.

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