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And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys:
But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.
For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

40:34 glory of the LORD. This cloud of glory, so brilliant that they could not even enter the tabernacle, had been with them day and night ever since they left Egypt (Exodus 13:21-22), and stayed with them, as both guide and protection throughout their years in the wilderness (Numbers 9:15-23). Its perpetual presence, evidencing the personal presence of God the Creator, who is Light, testifies clearly that these forty years were years of unique divine power and provision. Its miracles are not to be explained in terms of the normal processes of nature.

This shekinah, the glory cloud, appeared again centuries later at the dedication of Solomon’s temple (I Kings 8:10-11). It will also fill the new Jerusalem, the eternal heavenly tabernacle (Revelation 21:10-11,22-23), when it is established on the new earth, and there God, in Christ, will personally dwell with His people forever.

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